Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

Volume 48, Issue 3

Volume 48, Issue 3, Summer 2020


EFFECT OF IN-OVO-INJECTION OF POTASSIUM IODIDE ON THYROID ACTIVITY AND SOME HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF BROILER CHICKS

Hassan Awad Albdrani; Abdullah F. Abdul-Majeed

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 1-10
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.127701.1058

The current study aimed to evaluate the effects of potassium iodide in-ovo injection on thyroid gland activity and some hematological and biochemical indices of broiler chicks. A total of four hundred seventy-seven fertilized broiler eggs (Ross 308) were randomly distributed into 3 groups (159 eggs/group), with 3 replicates (53 eggs/replicate). Eggs of 1st group were considered as a negative control (not injected), the 2nd group eggs were injected with 0.2 mL deionized water (positive control), whereas the 3rd group eggs were injected into the allantois sac, with 2 mg potassium iodide/ egg in 0.2 mL volume, on the 10th day of incubation. At the hatch day, hatchability%, embryonic mortality%, chicks weight were measured, and the hematological and biochemical tests were conducted. The weight of the hatched chicks from injected eggs with potassium iodide was significantly lower than that in negative control group (P≤0.05), moreover, a significant increase was recorded for hemoglobin, packed cell volume%, lymphocytes%, and thyroxin concentration as compared with the control group, meanwhile a significant decrease was recorded for the heterophils%, H/L ratio, cholesterol, triglycerides and triiodothyronine concentration as compared with the control group (P≤0.05). In conclusion, potassium iodide has an important impact on thyroid activity and reduce stress on the incubated eggs, as well as on some hematological indices of hatched chicks.

THE EFFECT OF WOOD TYPE , TIME AFTER EXPOSURE AND CONCENTRATION ON TERMIT RESPONSE Microcerotermes diversus Silv. FOR SOME ANTIBIOTICS

Emad Qassem Al-Ebady; Hamad Mohammed AL-Lwayzi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 11-20
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126955.1040

The results of the study showed the effect of Leucaena leucocephala, Platanus orientalis and Populus alba woods, Concentrations were 0.0025, 0.005, and 0.01% in the Microcerotermes diversus Silv. workers response for Antibiotic Amoxicillin and Nidazole, by spraying and dipping methods, in medium-contrast ratios of insect mortality on the three kind of wood, as it reached: 63.10%, 48.75% and 50.10% respectively by spray, which gave an average rate of mortality after six days 99.38%. While the results showed an increase in the average mortality rates of Termites with an increase in concentration (0.0025, 0.005 and 0.01%), reaching 42.73, 54.60 and 64.70%, respectively, while Nidazole had a clear superiority in the average percentage of deaths of Microcerotermes diversus Silv. , as it reached 61.17%, while it reached 46.86% for amoxicillin. As for the results of the dipping method, there was no significant difference in wood type in the average mortality rates, as it reached 53.62, 56.86 and 51.49%, respectively, while the highest average mortality rate after four days of exposure was 88.23%. Concentrations reached 41.50, 54.73 and 65.75%, respectively, Amoxicillin and Nidazole did not have a significant difference in the mean Termites mortality as it reached 53.92 and 54.06%.

EFFECT OF TILLAGE SYSTEM AND SEEDING RATES ON GROWTH AND WHEAT YIELD Triticum aestivum L. AND ITS ASSOCIATED WEEDS.

Salim Hommaddi Antar; ahmed abdulla AL-Mashadanee

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 21-29
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.127335.1047

The experiment was carried out during the winter agricultural season 2018-2019 in Nineveh Governorate at two location (Hamdaniya district 25-30 km east of Mosul  and Talkif district 25-30 km north of Mosul), the experiment include two factors, tillage systems (conservation  and  conventional tillage) and seeding rates (80 , 100 and 120 kg.ha-1), the seeds were planted at 11/1/2019 and 12/1/2019 for the two locations respectively. The variety   Adana  registered certified by Ministry of Agriculture was used. The experiment was applied as factorial experiment  using split plots system by R.C.B.D with three replications. The main plots contained the two tillage systems levels , and  the sub plots contained seeding rates levels , the experimental unit area was 20 m2,  The results showed no significant differences between tillage system in number-of narrow and broad leaves weeds and their weight for two location but the conservation  tillage was  surpassed conventional for grain yield  by 78.57 and 119.52 gm.m-2 in Hamdaniya and Talkef  location respectively, non-significant differences between the seeding rates in no-of narrow and broad  leaves weeds for two location , but seeding rate 120 kg.ha-1 surpassed 80 and 100 kg.ha-1 for grain yield 281.89 and 360.01 gm .m2 in Hamdaniya and Talkef location respectively. Non–significant differences between the seeding rates with conservation or conventional tillage in narrow leaves weeds for two location but lower number-of broad leaves weeds in seeding rate 120 kg.m-2 with conservation agriculture for two location. The best grains yield  obtain with seeding rates 120 kg.h-1 and conservation tillage by  314.62 and 405.02 gm.m-2 in Hamdaniya and Talkef locations respectively.

STUDY OF SOME FIELD INDICATORS FOR THE CHISEL PLOW BY USING LOCALLY DEVELOPED SHARES

Basheer .A. M Al Nuaimi; saad A. A. Al Rijabo

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 30-44
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.127362.1048

A field experiment was conducted in one of the fields in Nineveh Governorate, in soil texture was clay silty loam, under the axial sprinkler system, where the research included studying the effect of (two levels of soil moisture (13-15%), (17-19%), two depth of tillage (12-14 cm) and (15-17 cm), and three types of chisel plow-share (conventional share, the spearhead and the severed share)), on the following field indicators (draft force, soil adhesion force, the tillage appearance through (number of clods with a diameter larger than 7.5 cm) and the vertical deviation ratio to tillage depth). This experiment was implemented with split-split plot under randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates. The results showed that the lowest draft force, adhesion strength, number of clods, and the lowest vertical deviation ratio to tillage depth were recorded in the soil moisture content (13-15%), the depth (12-14) cm recorded the lowest draft force, adhesion strength and a number of clods, while it outperformed depth (15-17) cm in obtaining the lowest ratio of vertical deviation, as the severed share outperformed in obtaining the lowest draft force, adhesion strength and a number of clods, while the spearhead share outperformed in obtaining the lowest ratio of vertical deviation, achieved interaction between the soil moisture content (13-15%) and the depth (12-14) cm, the lowest draft force, adhesion strength and a number of clods, while the interaction between the soil moisture content (13-15%) and depth (15-17) cm achieved the lowest  ratio of vertical deviation.

EFFECT OF FOLIAR APPLICATION OF CALCIUM CHLORIDE AND SALICYLIC ACID ON GROWTH AND FLOWERING OF THREE Gladiolus X hortulanus L. CULTIVARS.

Saja Salim Allawii; Ammar Omar AL-Atrakchii

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 45-58
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126897.1035

 This experiment was carried out in the Green net house at the College of Agriculture and Forestry for the period from April to September 2019, with the aim of assessing the response of three cultivars of Gladiolus X hortulanus L. for treatment with (SA)  at a concentrations of zero and 250 mg.l-1 as well as treatment with (CaCl2) concentrations are zero, 500 and 1000 mg.l-1 sprayed on the vegetative growth twice. The results indicated the following: The red cultivar recorded the largest height, the number of leaves, shortest the period from planting to the inflorescence bud initiation and longest vase life, While the white cultivar recorded the largest value of spike length. The plants sprayed with SA had a significant effect in recording the largest values of all studied traits except for the duration from planting to the inflorescence bud initiation, which decreased significantly. The treatment with CaCl2 with both concentrations resulted in a significant increase in the number of leaves and the spike length, The treatment with CaCl2 at 1000 mg.l-1 gave the largest values for the plant height and  the vase life. showed that red and white cultivars produced flower that fall within a special grade when they were sprayed with SA or did not interact with spraying with CaCl2 at 1000 mg.l-1, while the violet cultivar ended their flowering 5 days when they were sprayed with SA interact with CaCl2 at 1000 mg.l-l.

IMPACT OF BLACK SEEDSS Nigella sativa L. MEAL SUBSTITUTION INSTEAD OF SOYBEAN MEAL ON SOME GROWTH TRAITS OF LOCAL RABBIT MALES

Nadia Mohammed ALshaar

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 59-67
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126930.1038

The work carried out on a privet local farm extended to eight weeks in Mosul city Iraq. Sixty local male rabbits, six to seven weeks aged, with an average initial bodyweight of 552 ±15gm. Randomly divided into 4 treatments and 3 replications (5 rabbits each). Soybean meal replaced by black seeds (Nigella sativa L.) meals at levels 0, 33, 66, and 100% respectively in the diets as a crud protein source. The diets were nearly equal in the level of energy digests and the percentage of crude protein. Treatment 4 (100%) showed a significant effect (p≤ 0.05) in increasing daily weight gain, daily consumption, total weight gain, hot and cold carcass weight. A higher mortality percentage was in T1 (6.67). While our other results did not show any significant differences in all other studied traits. T4 showed the highest profit in weight gain (Kg) / Iraqi Dinar) then T3, T2 and T1 respectively.

A STUDY OF THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF TOMATO CROPS FOR THE PRODUCTIVE SEASON 2019 IN NINEVEH GOVERNORATE, ZAMMAR DISTRICT, AS AN EXAMPLE

Ali Aljbwry; Nassif Jassim Alihbabi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 68-85
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.127615.1057

The study aimed to measure Economic Efficiency and its components, Technical Efficiency and Allocative Efficiency on the input side, and to impose a change in returns to scale VRS by using the DEA method of data envelope analysis, as well as to review the structure and items of costs for tomato production, and knowing The extent to which economic units achieve a rational use of production resources. the data necessary to study in the field were collected through a questionnaire carried out in a personal interview of (124) farmers of the tomato crop in the open cultivation method in Nineveh Governorate (Zammar district as an application model) for the production season 2019, Included explanatory variables (seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, mechanical work, human work) As for The approved variable is tomato crop production, and the study reached many conclusions, the most important, That three farms (2.4%) achieved complete technical, allocation , economic efficiency (100%), and the results of showed that the average economic efficiency reached about (50.8%), meaning that these farms can achieve the same level Of production in light of reducing production costs by 49.2%, and the study recommended that farmers use resources Economic needs according to the crop’s need for these resources and in a way that minimizes costs and maximizes profit, and it is necessary to study the reasons for the success of many farms that have achieved complete Economic Efficiency (100 %), To be references to farms that have not achieved Economic Efficiency Although it in the same circumstances.

INFLUENCE OF PRESS WHEELS, ROW SPACINGS AND SOWING RATES IN YIELD AND ITS COMPONENTS OF WHEAT CROP (Triticum aestivum L.) CULTIVATED BY ZERO TILLAGE METHOD IN GLYUKHAN DISTRICT

Nawaf Jassim Alhamdani; Abdulsattar Asmair Alrijabo

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 86-98
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.127458.1052

A field experiment was carried out in a Moderate rainfall area (Jleokhan) in the Nineveh Governorate during the agricultural season 2018-2019 to study the effect of press wheels (use (+) and non-use (-), row spacing’s (17 cm and 34 cm), and sowing rates (80, 100 and 120 kg. ha-1) in the yield and its components of the wheat crop (Triticum aestivum L) Adana-99 cultivated with Zero Tillage (ZT) planting methods  and Conventional Tillage (CT) as a control treatment.The results showed that the planting methods (ZT 17+P) and (ZT 34+P) achieved the highest significant values ​​in the traits of plant height, the weight of 1000 grains, and grain yield. (ZT 17+P) planting method was achieved the highest significant values ​​ in the traits of tillers No. m-2, spikes No. m-2, biological yield and straw yield. The (ZT 34+P) planting method recorded the highest significant value in protein ratio trait. The sowing rate (120 kg. ha-1) achieved the highest significant values in the traits of tillers No. m-2, spikes No. m-2, and grain yield. In grain yield trait, the interaction between the planting  method (ZT 17+P) with all sowing  rates and the planting method (ZT 34+P) with (120 and 100 kg. ha-1) sowing rates  achieved the highest significant value in grain yield, while the interaction between CT  with (80 kg. ha-1) sowing rate has the lowest significant value in grain yield.

DIFFERENTIAL PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF BRASSICA NAPUS L. CULTIVARS (REANDY, SULTAN AND HEROS) AS A NATURAL SOURCES OF BIO-FUELS

Ahmed Abduljalal Abduljbbar; Bahar mahmud; Venos Saeed Abdullah

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 3, Pages 99-110
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.127336.1046

The current work aims to study three seed cultivars of rapeseed (Brassica napus), as well as trying to provide a phytochemical insight of different rapeseed cultivars to be potentially cultivated as natural alternative hydrocarbon sources to petroleum hydrocarbons. The three seed cultivars, namely Heros, Sultan and Reandy were purchased from Britain, India and Sweden, respectively. After being cultivated, the seeds were collected, dried, and crushed. Oils from the crushed seeds were extracted with n-hexane as a solvent, and the attained oils were analyzed by GC-MS. The results showed that the tested oil seeds exhibited valuable phytochemical constituents, possessing increased percentages of long chain hydrocarbons. The 2,4-Decadinal (E,E)-(CAS) was the superior phytochemical compounds in Heros (18.73%) and sultan  (29.35%) seed oils, However, it was the second prevalent compound in Reandy seed oils. Also, percentage of the hydrocarbons content of the reandy seed genotype was (39.91%) higher than that of the Sultan (17.78%) seed oils. The most prevalent fatty acids were shown to be 9-Octadecenoic acid all the three tested gen verities. Based on the obtained data, Good hydrocarb plant yields can be offered by Heros and reandy cultivars. Also as a seed oil, could be considered as efficient plant oil for the industrial utilization as non-edible oils or in the biodiesel production as a low emission renewable energy.