Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

Volume 47, Issue 4

Volume 47, Issue 4, Autumn 2019


COMPARISON OF SOME DETACHABILITY INDICES IN RELATION TO SOIL ERODIBILITY ( KUSLE ) FOR CALCAREOUS SOILS

Guljihan abdullah Qurut; khalid Falih hassan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2019, Volume 47, Issue 4, Pages 1-7
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.125984.1005

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to use some indices related to soil aggregate instead of soil erodibility factor KUSLE of the universal soil loss equation ( USLE ) for a selected calcareous soils. Twelve composite calcareous soil samples from 0 - 15 cm depth were collected from 12 different locations at Nineveh provenance. The selected soils were analyzed for five commonly used erodibility indices used for identify soil erodibility .These indices are ; Clay Aggregation Index (CAI ) , Clay Dispersion Ratio (CDR) , Clay Flocculation Index( CFI ), Dispersion ratio ( DR ), and Erosion Index of Bouyoucos ( EIB)
The results indicated that there is a highly significant positive correlation ( r = 0.891**) between EIB and KUSLE in comparison to the other criteria which pointed a weak correlation Also ,the results show through variance analysis that the mean of the criterion EIB values ( 3.651 ) was very close to the mean of the KUSLE values ( 3.839 ). These results mean that EIB is more reliable index for prediction the soil erodibility in calcareous soils.

LEAD REACTIONS IN SOME CALCAREOUS SOILS OF NORTHERN IRAQ

mohammed alijamal; ali mohe al-ddin AL-Obadi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2019, Volume 47, Issue 4, Pages 8-26
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126310.1015

The adsorption experiment of three different calcareous soils (loam and clay) for Nineveh governorate (Tel Aakoub, Ibrahim Al-Khalil, and Taqlif) was classified under Aridsol-Calciorthids with a slight slant to alkaline (7.43), non saline (3.24 dS m-1), Low content of organic matter (17.3 gkg-1), cation exchange capacity (42 Cmolc kg-1), high content of carbonate minerals (409 g kg-1). Lead adsorption was studied by batch equilibrium method at a temperature of (298 Kelvin) for lead solutions (5,10,20,40,80,100 mg L-1). For 48 hours,the lead was measured in equilibrium solutions and the adsorption criteria were calculated according to Langmuir ,Freundlich and the DR equations. The results of the mathematical description of lead adsorption showed high efficiency in the use of Langmuir , Freundlich and the DR equations at the concentrations used. The lead added to the soil was also distributed between the equilibrium solution and the solid soil phase in terms of propagation coefficient values (Kd), which ranged from (111.8) to(255.5 l kg-1)with an average of 169 l kg-1. The DR equation exceeded the Langmuir and Freundlich equivalents in the description of lead adsorption to obtain the highest coefficient of determination (R2) and a lesser standard error (SE).The adsorption capacity (qm) of the lead ion in the study of soil was( 13.63 - 41.48 mol g-1).The K value associated with the adsorption capacity ranged from (-0.44) to (- 1.24) (mol2 KJ -2). The value of (E) is the free energy rate of the reaction ranged from the lead adsorption values (0.63 - 1.06 KJmol-1)