Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

Volume 38, Issue 2

Volume 38, Issue 2, Summer 2010, Page 2-209


FATTENING AND SOME CARCASS CHARACTERIRICS OF MERIZ AND NATIVE GOAT MALE KIDS RAISED IN EITHER CONCENTRATE OR PASTURE CONDITIONS

Kamal N. S. Dosky

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 2-10
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27761

The aim of this study was to determine the fattening and carcass characteristics of Meriz and goat kids raised in either intensive or pasture conditions. Twelve intact weaned male kids from each of Meriz and goat were weighed and blocked into three groups according to different feeding systems for 90 days. The 1st group was given ad libitum concentrate mixture (intensive), the 2nd was freely grazed on pasture for 45 days and then transferred to having ad libitum concentrate for 45 days (Semi-intensive), the 3rd one was freely grazed on pasture (extensive). At the end of the experiment, all kids were weighed, slaughtered and the weight of their carcass was recorded. Daily gain in weight averaged 0.06±0.008 kg, the difference between breeds was not significant. Kids raised intensively surpassed significantly (p<0.05) kids on semi-intensive and on pasture (0.10, 0.06 and 0.02 kg /day) respectively. Also breed has no significant effect on carcass and edible and non-edible organs weight or percentages (except the weight of pelt and the percentage of pelt and feet). Intensively and semi-intensively raised kids had significantly (p<0.01) higher carcasses, dressing percentages, larger eye muscle area and thicker of fat thickness than those raised on pasture.

EFFECT OF FASTNIG IN RAMADAN ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND LIPID PROFILE

Abdullah M. Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 11-15
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27762

The effect of fasting in Ramadan on some hematological values such as blood glucose and lipid profile in addition to urea and uric acid in human was studied. Thirty one healthy adult employees of college of Women Education/ University of Mosul, IRAQ were identified as subjects to perform the experiment. The subjects (14 males and 17 females) were aged between 30 and 66 years (BMI range 22.5-25.5Kg/m2) and were fasting for the whole month. Blood samples were taken one week before Ramadan then after 10 and 25 days of fasting in Ramadan and one week after the fasting. The blood samples were analyzed for fasting blood sugar FBS (glucose), plasma triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC) , low and high-density lipoprotein (LDL-C and HDL-C), urea and uric acid. Results show that blood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-c, urea and uric acid in both men and women were significantly (P<0.05) decreased during fasting in Ramadan. However, HDL-c level was significantly (P<0.05) increased during fasting in Ramadan. Results also show that plasma TG in men comparing with women was significantly (P<0.05) decreased. It is concluded that there were protective effects of fasting in Ramadan on some hematological values such as blood glucose and lipid profile.

IMPACT OF ECONOMIC REFORM ON THE AMOUNT AND FFICIENCY OF AGRICULTURAL LENDING IN SELECTED COUNTRIES

S. Dawood; Hanaa

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 11-20
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27765

The subject of economic reform has been recently placed at the top of programmers of economic policies in developing countries. The reform process can not be integrated reform without the other sectors, including the agriculture one. The aim of this research demonstrates the impact of economic reform on the amount and efficiency of agricultural loans provided by banks for farmers, especially small farmers. The hypothesis of research refers to the affects of economic reform on the amount and efficiency of loans provided by agricultural banks in the sample (Syria, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia). And was relying on two-way link in analysis, the first is based on theoretical studies which addressed the same subject, the second, quantitative methods based, on econometric, and then interpret the results of the quantitative method for assessing the theoretical side in the study. The analysis depended on the post-reform economic periods. Efficiency of agricultural Lending measuring by contributing of agricultural loans in the agricultural production for countries in the sample. Conclusions show that there are positive indications in some changes after adopting the economic reform on the research sample, and confirms that the adoption of economic reform programmers could be used in agricultural banks.

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATION OF BA AND IAA ON MICROPROPAGATION OF Gardenia jasminoides

Mosleh M.S.Duhoky

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 16-30
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27763

The goal of this study was to use plant tissue culture technique in vegetative propagation of Gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) by using single nodes and shoot tips excised from soft cuttings and treated with different concentrations of growth regulators. The results revealed that the use of different disinfistants was highly effective in reducing cultures contamination. The use of mercuric chloride (0.1%, HgCl2) for 10 minutes was very effective in preventing contamination and gave the highest survival percentage (99%). Results at initiation stage revealed that the culture of single nodes of Gardenia on a medium containing 3 mgl-1 BA+ 0.9 mgl-1 IAA gave the best growth response in which highest number of shoots and leaves. At vegetative multiplication stage, the results showed that the medium supplemented by 1.5 and 4.5 mgl-1 BA+ 0.6 mgl-1 IAA gave the highest value of growth length and gave the highest number of shoots per explant. In order to promote the shoots produced at vegetative multiplication stage to root, it was noticed that the treatment of 4 mgl-1 NAA and8 mgl-1 IAA gave the highest percentage of rooting and values of the number and length of roots. Plantlets obtained were transferred to pots and acclimatized with 95 % success.

SOURCES OF PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION GAP OF MAIN GRAIN IN IRAQ AND OTHER NEARLY COUNTRIES FOR THE PERIOD(1985-2005) "COMPARATIVE ANALYTIC STUDY"

Lora B. Basher AI-Saor

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 21-33
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27766

Food security considers unsufficiency of agricultural production for consumption needs are one of the important affairs that face the Arab nation for its direct effects on the economic, social , political and enrironoment positions together with the associated developing decision.Arabic states produced an agricultural politic,for developing the different agricultural sectors and for support food security tracts. In addition , it is adaptation increcosing direction toword emancipating the economics and privatization the production sectors on food goods that has an importance in nourishment and economical side on Iraq and the choosed countries.
The study aimes at anylaizing and restricting the gap sources in production and consumption for main grain crops during (1985-2005) in iraq and the near by countries to know the relative importunce of these resources and using the index analysis procedure to account the variable values which appear in each country a lonely. On the light of available data the variable could be described and studied which included the normative decline of grain production for three years ago and real income rate of a person also comparative advantage for deficit and surplus of balance of payments to the total local production , again comparative advantage for deficit and surplus for common budget to total local production . the results appeared that the significant and non significant in its effected on food gap size of grains for Iraq and the choosed countries .Via this study we have reach some of results and recommendations.

USING OF SOME ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS TO OBTAINE SUITABLE MEDIA FOR POTTED PLANTS AND EVALUATION OF FOUR KINDS OF FOLIAR FERTILIZERS THROUGH ITS EFFECT ON (1-VEGETATIVE AND ROOTS GROWTH) OF Nephrolepis exaltata L.

Yousif H. Hammo

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 34-42
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27767

This study was conducted in Agricultural College/ Dohuk University during the period between 1st Dec and 1st Dec 2007. The objective was to obtains mixture from available environmental material suitable for potted plants such as Nephrolepis exaltata L. seven mixture of media were used, first (river soil) second (river soil : manure), third (river soil: sawdust), forth (river soil: manure :sawdust), fifth (river soil: manure: sawdust: leave mold), sixth (manure :sawdust), seventh (manure :sawdust: leave mold) (all percentage by volume 1:1) and the interactions with four foliar fertilizer (calcium nitrate , soluble combination fertilizer, Micronate , France) Results showed significant superiority for sixth and seven mixtures in vegetative leave area, leave number fresh weight, root fresh weight by 386.99, 193.65, 246.69, 210.19% consecutively comparing with those grown in first mixture. Also the foliar fertilizer calcium nitrate, soluble combination fertilizer, and France fertilizer significant superiority comparing with Micronate. The interactions between the two factors have significantly effect for all vegetative and characters

COMBINING ABILITY ANALYSIS IN DIALLEL CROSSESِ OF TOMATO ( Lycopersicon Spp.)

Majid K.AL-Kummer

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 43-52
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27768

An experiment was conducted by using four tomato genotypes vs. (1)the wild species (L.pimpinellifolium) and three varieties of cultivated tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) namely (2) Pearson (3) Early Parson (4) mahaly (karmless).The objectives of this experiment was to enter the wild specie(L.pimpinellifolium) in programme of full diallel crosses and to estimate of several genetic parameters. Analysis of variance revealed highly significant differences among genotypes ,parents and hybrids for all the characters of General combining ability mean square was significant for plant height, No. of branches/plant, No. of total leaves/ plant, average leaf area, No. of leaf lets, flowering earliness, No. of flowers/in florescence, No. of in florescence/ plant, early picking, No. fruits/ plant, mean fruits weight, mean total yield/ plant, average fruit diameter, No. of locules / fruit and vitamin C content, while the specific combining ability mean squares were significant for plant height , early picking, mean fruits weight, mean total yield/ plant, average fruit diameter and No.of locules/fruit.The results showed that wild tomato species (L.pimpinellifolium) was the best combiner for the favorable characters while specific combining ability results for each hybrids indicated that the hybrid(Early Parson X L.pimpinellifolium) have a good S. C. A. for the most favorable characters.

EFFECT OF INDOLE ACETIC ACID AND NAPHTHLENE ACETIC ACID ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF STRAWBERRY (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.)CV. HAPIL

Zuhair A. Dawood

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 53-62
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27769

This research was conducted in Horticulture dept , college of agriculture and forestry , at mosul university to study the effect of three concentrations (0, 10 , & 20 ppm) of two auxins indole acetic acid (IAA) and naphthaline acetic acid (NAA) as foliar spray at two dates of application (15/3 and 15/4) on some vegetative , flowering and yield parameters of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) Cv. Hapil A randomized complete block design with three replicates , each experimental unit contain ten plants , Data obtained from this experiment were tested by using Duncan's multiple test at 5% level . The obtained results indicated that there was a significant effect of auxin (IAA) on some parameters (average leaf area , percentage of flower set and average yield of plant and area unit) as compared with the effect of auxin (NAA) . at the same time both concentrations (10 & 20) ppm of two auxins (IAA and NAA) caused a significant increase in all vegetative and yield parameters , and there was appositive correlation between auxin and its concentration , Meanwhile the first date of application (15/3) was more affective which caused a significant increase in percentage of flower set and average yield of plant with a non-significant increase in the rest parameters as compared with the effect of the second date of application (15/4) , The best interaction treatment was 20 ppm of auxin (IAA) spraied at the first date (15/3) which resulted in a significant increase in most vegetative , flowering , and yield parameter .

EFFECT OF PLANTING DATES AND GIBBERELLIC ACID ON SEED PRODUCTION BY SEED TO SEED OF TWO ONION VARIETIES ( Allium cepa L.)

Mohammad Talal A. El-Habar

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 63-72
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27788

This experiment was conducted at experiment Farm of Agricultural Research Center Ainkawa Erbil Governorate during 2005- 2006 growing season to study the effects of two planting dates : 1st of August and 1st of September as well as the effects of three application methods of gibberellic acid (GA3) at conc. of 250 mg/L : Soaking application , Foliar application , interaction between soaking + foliar in addition to the control application on flowering and seed production of two onion varieties (Local white and Imported Texas Early Grano variety) . Results indicated to an increase in all of the percentage of bolted plants , the number of seed stalks per plant , mean weight of umbel , circumference and diameter of umbel total seed yield and the seed yield per plant for local variety when compared with imported variety . Also the previous mentioned characters increased in the first planting date comparing by with the second planting date. The positive and significant effect of treatment with gibberellic acid with different methods appeared in number of seed stalk and total seed yield especially in the treatment soaking + foliar .

EFFECT OF PINCHING AND NITROGEN FERTLIZATION ON GROWTH AND FLOWERING OF ZINNIA PLANTS Zinnia elegans Jacq.

A.O. Al- Atrakchii

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 73-82
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27790

This experiment was carried out to explain the effect of pinching and nitrogen fertilization on growth and flowering Zinnia elegans plants with aim at improving flower number and longevity when planting in garden, by removing 2-3 cm from shoot tip seedling first: when formed 3-4 true leaves and the second: when formed inflorescence bud and control (without pinching), other factor was include nitrogen fertilization by using urea at 0, 75 and 150 kg/ ha. The Factorial Experiment was conducted by using the Randomized Complete Block Design with three block and eight plants for block. The results can be summarized as follows: pinching caused a significant increase in shoot number, total inflorescence number/ plant, inflorescence diameter and inflorescence dry weight, in addition, inflorescence stalk diameter, length and dry weight, on the other hand, inflorescence longevity increased from 48.85 days when compared with 37.17 days for control. Nitrogen fertilization at 150 kg/ ha caused a significant increased in all vegetative growth, inflorescence characters and chemical contents when compared with the control. In general, double pinching interact with fertilizing with 75 and 150 kg/ ha gave best results for most inflorescences characters.

EFFECT OF AN EDUCTIONAL PROGRAM IN DEVELOPING RURAL YOUNGSTERS KNOWLEDGE IN THE ASPECT OF CULTIVATING SOME SUMMER VEGETABLE CROPS ACCORDING TO SOME VARIABLES EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH IN TALKAIF DISTRICT

Najim EL-Ddin A..saleem

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 83-89
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27791

the objectives of this research are building educational program to develop the knowledge of rural youngsters in talkaif district
inevah governorate in the aspect of cultivation summer vegetable crops and to determine the effect of this educationl program in developing rural young sters knowledge according to some variables which are:basic profession of the father,contribution of rurul young sters in the field agricultural work, and the attitudes to wards agricultural work.the sample of the study consisted of (66)female students. Distributed to two groups. First one containd (36) as control group. And(30) as experimental group. the data were collected by using two tools. The first was consisted of exerimental and non-experimental veriable. The secondtool prepared a knowledge for rural youngsters data were anlyzied by using :person`s correlation coefficient, t-test,kruskal-wallisS test.The results indicated that the educational programs has had positive effect in developing the knowledge of rural youngsters. the results also showed that there are no significant differences in the knowledge level of rural youngsters according to: basic profession of the fathere, contribution in agvicultural work, and attitudes to werds agricultural work.

EVALUATING OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING IN NINEVEH CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND TRAINING FROM THE TRAINEES POINT OF VIEW

Aamel Fadhel Khalil Al-Abbassi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 90-97
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27792

The main objectives of the present research are to evaluate occupational training in Nineveh center for agricultural extension and training from the trainees point of view in the following aspects: objectives of training course, selecting the trainees, training content, methods and training aids, requirements of implementation and training environment, trainers efficiency and training results, to identify differences in training results according to some personal and vocational characteristics of the trainees. The number of trainees were 89. which participated in nine occupational training courses held on Nineveh center for agricultural extension and training during1/march/2007upto 30/june/2008. The data were collected through questionnaire, included personal and vocational characteristics of trainees and 7 aspects for training evaluation. After collecting the data following statistical methods were used (means and percentage weight, Mann-Whittney test and Kurskal-Wallis test). The results showed that more than 80% of the trainees evaluation of occupational training in Nineveh center for agricultural extension and training was medium to high, and the aspect of trainers efficiency came in the first rank when arranged by the trainees with percentage weight 82.233%, while the aspect of methods and training aids came at last 72.066%. The results also showed no significant differences in training results according to: academic qualification, years of employment, pre-training in course subject, occupation ambition and desire to innovativeness, while difference was found in trainees specilization in training course subject.

ORIGIN OF SOME GROUND WATER SOURCES IN SULAIMANI GOVERNORATE ACCORDING TO SCHOELLER’S CLASSIFICATION

Ghafoor A. Mam Rasul

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 98-103
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27793

This study was conducted during the hydrological year from October 1998 to September 1999, to determine water origin of some wells, springs, and karizes in Sulaimani governorate, water samples were analyzed chemically through this period. Water of twenty locations within and around Sulaimani city which include (7) karizes, (8) springs and (5) wells were taken and water origin was determined according to Schoeller, s classification. Results showed that the origin of all water is bicarbonates group.

DRIS APPLICATION IN FENUGREEK (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.)

Mothafer A. Al-Mosuly

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 104-112
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27794

Fenugreek seeds were planted in the field is yards (2x2 square meters) of soil type Silty Loam, using 4 levels each of nitrogen zero, 50, 80, 120 kg N. ha -1 and phosphorus zero,50, 120,200 kg P. ha -1 and potassium zero, 50, 120, 170 kg K. ha -1 and three replicates, samples were taken from the shoots of the plant in the middle of plant age and to the extent where the nutrients nitrogen , phosphorus and potassium. At the end of the experiment as the sum of fruits and oil in the fruits, was applied to the DRIS (Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System) on the results obtained, it holds twice the first fruits of the production function and the second time the oil in the fruits, is the precedent applied science for the first time to plant coriander, has demonstrated the use of DRIS system in the shoots its effectiveness and success in diagnosing the status of nutrient set for the production of plants and succeeded in the selection of optimum fertilizer recommendation gave the best balance diet with the best sum of fruits and holds oil once again, and this has gained the status of flexibility in the DRIS diagnosis, where the researcher and farmer plenty of time to avoid the lack of diagnostic elements as specific elements for the production of fruit or the production of oil in the fruit. Corresponding values in the standard coriander leaf N/P , N/K , K/P 14.5, 1.10, 13.2 in the case of the sum of seeds and 16.6 , 1.10 , 14.0 when the sum of the oil. And thus can be this way - to some extent - to identify the user for each element Index and give the values of standard suitable Norms and thus a special Chart Drawing results of the study is the first globally to plant coriander. The highest sum of the seeds of 1618 kg. Ha -1 when the transaction N120P120K120 , and the highest production of oil in the seeds of 7.57 % when the transaction N50P120K170, compared with the treatment N0P0K0 witness the fruits of 981 kg. ha -1 and 6.74 %..

EVALUATION OF REPLADING NIGELLA SATIVA SEEDS IN THE RATION OF GROWING RABBITS AND ITS EFFECT ON PRODUCTIVE PERORMANCE AND DIGESTION COEFFICIENT OF RATION NUTRIENTS

N. M. Abdullah

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 113-119
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27796

Fifteen local breed male rabbits 8 weeks aged were allocated into three groups. In order to study the effect of using Nigella Sativa seeds in their rations on productive performance, carcass traits and digestibility. The first group was fed standard ration according to (NRC, 1994), containing 15.6% crude protein 2243 kcal/kg. ME, and 10% soybean meal (SBM), while the second and third groups were fed the same ration with exception of partial replacement of (SBM) in a ratio of 2 and 4% by Nigella Sativa L. seeds (NSS), respectively. The feeding trial lasted for eight weeks, the amounts of ratio consumed and weight gained were determined weekly. At the last week of feeding period all feces produced from each group were collected, then all rabbits were slaughtered and carcass measurements were taken. There were no statistical differences among the groups in the average of final wt. and total wt. gain, the feeding conversion ratio was improved at 22% for the groups which were fed rations with NSS when compared with the group fed standard ration. However there were no statistical differences amongst all groups concerning carcass measurements. The results indicated an improvement in the dry matter and the other nutrients digestibility for rabbits consuming ration containing NSS. In conclusion the addition of NSS at 4% in the ration of local rabbits improve the values of productive parameters, carcass traits and nutrients digestibility.

EFFECTS OF ADDING IRAQI PROBIOTIC ON SOME HEMATO - BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN BROILER CHICKENS

A. F. Abdul-majeed

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 120-128
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27827

This study was carried out to know the effects of adding the probiotic on some hemato-biochemical parameters in broiler chickens . 200 of broiler chickens (Cobb) one day-old were randomly divided into 4 groups(50 chicks / each / 2 replicates ) which used as follows:T1 control fed standard ration ,while other treatments groups by adding of probiotic to the ration (2,4 and 6 Kg probiotic/Ton of ration ) on respectively .Chicks raised on standard conditions to the age of marketing (42 days ) .Blood samples were obtained two times at day (21 and 42 ) for studying physiological changes. Results revealed a significant increase in blood glucose levels in the probiotic treated groups in the 2nd period as compared with the 1st period at p≤0.05. Also there is a significant decrease in the cholesterol levels in both period as compared with control, the decrease was proportionally- related with probiotic concentrations at p≤0.05. Results also showed a significant increase in total serum protein, albumen and globulin concentrations in the 4th group in the 1st period as compared with control, and in the 2nd ,3rd and 4th groups in the 2nd period as compared with the 1st period. Also there is a significant increase in RBCs count, Hb and MCHC as compared with control. In conclusion, results revealed that the probiotics treatment improve some important hematological and biochemical parameters that enhances the bird immunological and reproductive performance.

EFFECT OF STRAIN AND PROTEIN SOURCE ON HISTOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF SMALL INTESTINE OF BROILER CHICKS

Nahil Mohammed Ali

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 129-136
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27830

The experiment was conducted at the poultry farm, College of Agriculture, American University of Biuret for the period of March, 11, 2005. The objective of this study was to find out the effect of strain and protein source (Animal or plant protein) in the length, weight and histological assessments of small intestine .and its effect in food absorbtion and body weight. Three broiler strains were used in this study these strain were Ross308, Cobb500 and Hubbard. These strains were raised on two rations differ in the protein source (Animal or plant protein). Statistic analysis of data showed no significant differences for Protein source in the length and weight duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caeca, total length of digestive tract and villi depth at 6 or 8 weeks of age within the three strains. significant differences in the length and depth for strain Hubbard . no significant effect for Protein source in the villi length.

EFFECT OF USING WELL'S HARD AND TREATED WATER AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STAGE ON BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES IN AWSSI SHEEP

Nabeel Najeeb Ahmed

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 137-145
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27832

This experiment was conducted at the Al-Rashidiya Experiment Station General Director of Applied Agriculture Research for the period from March 2004 to March 2005. Thirty two Awassi ewes aged 3 – 5 years with average body weight 47.6 Kg. were used in this experiment. The ewes were divided into 4 groups each of 8 ewes with one ram in each group. Groups of ewes were given one of following:
a. Well hard water.
b. Well water Treated With NaCO3 to reserve the hardness of the well water.
c. Well water with vitamin mixture.
d. Soft water.
The physiological stages Under Investigation were:
1. Service and pregnancy – (June - October).
2. Parturition – (November - January).
3. Suckling – (mid of January – mid of March).
4. Weaning and dry period which lasted from April and May to the next service.
Blood samples were taken from jugular vein 10 ml / animal every 45 days. The pH were measured directly. Each sample was divided into two parts. First part about 5 ml was stored in hepernized tubes to study the physiological traits of the blood such as blood hemoglobin, PCV, ESR, and RBC, WBC account. the second part was stored as serum to measure the levels of serum total protein.
Data showed the following results:
1. The result indicated that the treatment had significant effect (p 0.01) on blood Hemoglobin, PCV, RBC and WBC count, there were no significant effect on blood pH sedimentation rate of RBC and total serum protein.
2. It was noticed that the physiological stage had a significant (P 0.01) effect on HB, RBC count and data showed significant effect (p 0.05) on blood treats such as WBC and total protein there were no significant effect of physiological stages on blood pH, PCV and sedimentation rate of RBC.
3. Significant differences (p 0.05) were noticed of interaction between treatment and physiological stages on WBC count.

SOME OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND ORGANOLEPTIC EVOLUTION FOR PROCESSED CHEESE WITH LOW FAT

A. K. Hassan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 146-154
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27835

Processed cheese was manufacture from whole sheep milk. The first treatment was conducted by mixing full cream sheep milk cheese with low fat cow curd cheese; in other treatment a low fat labnah (semidried yoghurt) was used to produce three levels of low, medium and high fat cheese (20,30 and 40% ±1)respectively, calculated on dry matter base. Three types of emulsifiers were used for each fat level. From chemical analysis the curd and labnah used had decreased fat percent because they contain less fat. Chemical contain of cheese where inversely increased with fat percent. Physical properties of the processed cheese were improved concerning dispersion, penetration and cutting time, Whoever the least improvement was observed in low fat cheese stored at refrigeration for a longer storage time when using sodium citrate as emulsifier which gave the sample more higher. Cheese samples were organoleptically evaluated and the best sample was the high fat cheese stored in refrigerator for one day. Results also indicated that using low fat labnah as filling matter was preferable compering to curd in both physical and organoleptical properties.

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT FERTILIZATION TREATMENTS ON THE PERCENTGES OF CHEMICAL COMPONENTS OF THE WOOD OF PINUS BRUTIA TEN. GROWN IN NINEVEH FOREST

Walid Aboodi Kasir

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 155-164
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27840

The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of fertilization levels, years of adding fertilizers, and age of growth rings on the percentages of the chemical components of young Pinus brutia Ten. Trees grown in Nineveh forest. Analysis of variance shows that all factors with their interactions have significantly affected all the chemical components except the factor of the years of adding fertilizer as there has no significant effect on the percentages of extracts and the interaction of the years of adding fertilizer and fertilizing levels as there has been no effect on the percentages of extracts in ethanol-benzene. Fertilizing treatments have generally shown not clear trend in the increase percentages of ethanol-benzene extracts, while a significant increase in holocellulose and ash percentages were noticed. The increase in the levels of fertilizing treatments has led to a decrease in the percentages of lignin and hot-water extracts compared with samples that have not received fertilizer. The fertilizing treatment (70 gm. Compound fertilizer, 750 ppm. Iron and 45 ppm. Zinc) compared with the non-fertilized trees have given the highest ratios of increase in the percentages of holocellulose as it has reached (11.21 %), and (72.22 %) for the ash, and the highest ratio of decrease in the percentage of lignin (26.36). It has been evident that providing fertilizer for two successive years (the fourth and fifth years of age) has led to a higher increase in the percentages of holocellulose and ash and a highest decrease in lignin compared to the addition for one year (fourth year). It is found that the fertilizing treatment (70 gm compound fertilizer, 750 ppm iron, and 30 ppm. Zinc) provided for two successive years have more effecting decreasing the percentage of lignin. The highest increase in the holocellulose obtained from the interaction effect of (70 gm compound fertilizer, 750 ppm. Iron, and 30 ppm. Zinc) provided for one year, while the same treatment provided for two successive years has led to an increase in ash content. According to the results obtained, we can state that the ratios of the studied components are still within the ranges that are industrially acceptable, so these woods although fertilized are useful to be used in the wood industries, especially in paper, fiberboards, and particleboards.

ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SOURCES OF CONTAMINANTS WASTEWATER IN ALEPPO

Jamil Abbass

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 165-173
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27843

This Study has been conducted to determine the most crucial of pollution and evaluate the percentage portions of these sources out of the whole sewage water in Aleppo city. the chemical characteristics of raw domestic sewage water and the amount of sewage water that goes in to the total run water in some different areas in Aleppo (low, medium, and high income areas).had been studied.For the( pH, NH4, TDS, BOD5, COD), all values are down allowable concentration based Syrian Standards 2850 for 2002. For the low income areas, an excess of TSS values during morning hours. While an excess of PO4 values and those of olis and lubrication have been noticed during different day hours except for the noon time, and an excess of ABS values at dawn and midnights times. For medium in come areas, there has been an excess in the values of PO4during the different day hours, an excess in the values of oils and lubrications at morning, noon. and night hours. and an excess of ABS values only at midnights. For high in come areas. an excess of TSS values were noticed at noon, an excess of oils and lubrication values at different time except for nights, and an excess of PO4 values at all times and an excess of ABS values at dawn and midnights compared with the allowable concentration based Syrian Standards 2850 for 2002. Based on the initial evaluation, the amount of domestic and industrial sewage water is estimatedat 480000 m3/day. Out of this amount about 455500 m3/day that is 94.9% comes form domestic consumption, and 24500 m3/day (5.1%) is industrial sewage.

ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF JOHNSON GRASS (Sorghum halepense L.) ON GERMINATION AND SEEDLING GROWTH OF SOME AND LEGUMES CROPS CRREALS

Anwar Othman Ghafoor

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 174-180
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27845

In this work Bioassay technique had used to identify the allelopathic potential effects of different parts of Johnson grass on the germination and seedlings growth of bread and durum Wheat, 2-row and 6-row Barley, Chickpea and Lentil. The results showed different inhibition of allelopathic potential for the residues in comparing with the control treatments for all six crops. The root extracts had the highest inhibition impacts on all of the characteristics studied, and less effect of both shoots and seeds. While the effect of seed extracts had the same effect or as control in most cases. The radical length and dry weight affected more than germination percentage, shoot length and shoot dry weight. The results also indicated that Lentil was more affected than 2-row Barley, bread Wheat, 6-row Barely and durum wheat, while the Chickpea had the lowest response.

STUDYING OF THE COMPONENT OF NUTRIENTS AND HEAVY ELEMENTS IN DUCKWEED AND ITS PRODUCTIVITY WITHIN REGIONS AND SEASONS UNDER NATURAL CONDITIONS IN BAGHDAD CITY

Hasham Abd Al-Rasiak

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 181-192
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27849

The studying in some local aquatic plants was known as the duckweed Lemna sp. in natural conditions during four seasons in various regions of Baghdad, the components of nutrients in the duckweed plant were varied with regions and these were a significant variations of protein ratios 13.30-55.00%, ash 18.25-24.96%, carbohydrates 16.35-50.37%, fat 0.05-2.60% Fiber 3.53-9.23% abd moisture 5.55-7.60%, the concentration of heavy elements significant variations at the plant where zinc concentration was between 36.21-83.01 mg/kg, iron between 2979.24-969.18 mg/kg, lead between 0.79-104.06 mg/kg and copper between 1.69-12.39 mg/kg, the productivity of duckweed was moral variations within regions and seasons, spring marked the highest productivity was the Zaafaraniya and was at least for the winter in Dowra. We Concludes from the studying of plant duckweed water; it could be obtained throughout the year depending on the suitable climatic conditions in our country is Iraq, as well as a source of high-value food feeder.

BIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF SOME PLANT's SEED POWDERS AND ITS CONCENTRATIONS ON KHAPRA BEETLE Trogoderma granarium (Everts) .

Nashwa A. Sulieman

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 202-209
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27856

The results of the effect of some seed powders of Cuminum cyminum, Coriandrum sativum and Eniculum vulgre on some biological aspect of Trogoderma granarium showed a various repellancy and attractivness effects on larvae and adults of khapra beetle and the seed powder of C. cyminum exhibit a higher repellancy effects on the larvae and adults reached 42.5, 32.5% respectively, while the seed powder of C. sativum revealed a good attraction effect to the adults of khapra at a 6% concentration reached 60%. The results also showed that the seed powder of C. sativum Has a good effect in reducing the weight loss of Wheat grain at 8% concentration in comparison with the control. The seed powders of the tested plants exhibited different effects on insect rate of increase and sex ration of males and females.