GEO-ECOLOGICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL VARIABILITY WITHIN WILD OLIVE PHENOTYPES IN EDLEB PROVINCE, SYRIA
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture,
2012, Volume 40, Issue 4, Pages 88-106
AbstractGeo-ecological survey was conducted for a number of wild olive genotypes growing naturally in tow different locations (kfr-takharim and Harem- (Wadi Al-kabeer) at Edleb province, during 2008 and 2009 seasons. The objective of this work was to study the geo- ecological distribution, and the degree of convergence between genotypes morphology. The plant material consists of a random collection of (16) Phenotypes, from which 50 leaves, 50 fruits and 50 seeds per tree, are also randomly collected. The morphological characteristics were studied according to the International Olive Council methods and a cluster analysis has been also carried out for their morphological characteristics. Results showed that studied genotypes are environmentally flexible, and adapted to the Mediterranean climate, as they are growing at different altitudes, ranging between 281-391 m above sea level. These genotypes could be clustered into three major groups, where a significant variability existing among some of the studied characteristics (fruit and seed's length and wide in addition to fruit and seed's wet and dry weight).The percentage of similarity within the first group was (94%), the second (95.7%) and the third (91.2%), where fruit and seed characteristics, have played a major role in groups distribution, particularly the fruit's weight.
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