THE SIZE OF STATES OF THE GAP TECHNOLOGICAL IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES COMPARED TO THE STATES OF ADVANCED
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture,
2019, Volume 47, Issue 1, Pages 80-90
AbstractTechnological progress is one of the main and important factors in accelerating the economic, social and cultural growth of different countries. It is the most common denominator of various economic development processes, foremost of which is agricultural development and increasing productivity then productivity in the agricultural sector. In terms of measuring the technological gap in developing and advanced countries in Iraq, Syria, Italy, and Japan, the results of technology gap analysis indicated an average of 49, 38, 29, 22% (for Iraq, Syria, Italy and Japan) Mine.The study concluded with a number of conclusions, including the low competitiveness of most developing countries, low production and low quality due to the high costs resulting from the high prices of production inputs, as well as the apparent low rates of use of agricultural technology both for the use of tractors and machinery or the use of chemical fertilizers, Irrigation and the use of improved varieties in agriculture, Therefore, the study recommends that developing countries should pay attention to the scientific and technological aspects that support the development of agricultural production and intensify the effort to formulate economic development policies that are in line with their reality and their potential.
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