Effect of adding anisum and Coriander to diet in some productive performance and the enteric ecosystem of quail
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture,
2018, Volume 46, Issue 4, Pages 121-134
AbstractThis study was conducted in one of the halls of Animal Production Department- College of Agriculture and Forestry / University of Mosul for the period 8/10/2017 until 31/12/2017 (84) day and aimed to know the effect of adding anisum seeds powder and Coriander in some productive performance and the enteric ecosystem of quail. The study was divided into two stages: The first stage (Growth stage)from the age (14 day) till the age of puberty. 288 Local quail birds were divided randomly into four treatments (72 birds/treatment),six replicates in each replicate 12 birds. The experimental treatments were First no addition (control) , Second treatment was added 2 % of anisum powder, Third added 2 % of coriander powder , and Forth added 2 % of anisum and 2 % of coriander powder to diet , birds reared until six weeks. Feed and water were Ad-Libitum and the water was provided free of additives. Statistic analysis of data showed a significantly increase in body weight, growth rate, improving in feed conversion ratio for third and fourth treatments. as compared with first and second treatments, weight gain for fourth treatment as compared with second. increasing in Number of Lactobacillus bacteria for third and fourth treatments as compared with control. Significantly decrease in feed consumption for third treatments decrease in number of Salmonella bacteria and E.coli bacteria for second, third, fourth treatments as compared with control. No significantly differences in relative weight of Edable organs, Length of digestive tracts, carcass weight, relative weight of chest, wings, back, neck, and dressing percentage for third treatment improvement in intestine tissue picture for forth treatment. Second stage (egg production) from the age seven weeks until twelfth weeks, statistic analysis of data showed significantly increase in egg production percentage,weight and high and diameter of yolk for second,third and forth treatments as compared with the control. Increasing in hatch ability percentage from fertility and total egg, fertility percentage for second treatment as compared with others treatments. No significant differences in body weight gain during production period. Significantly decrease in embryos mortality for second treatment.
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