AN- ECONOMICAL AND ECONOMETRICAL ANALYSIS FOR WHEAT YIELD PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION IN IRAQ FOR THE PERIOD (1990 – 2014)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture,
2018, Volume 46, Issue 4, Pages 83-92
AbstractThe research aims to study the effect of the most important factors that affect the production and consumption of wheat crop and try to reduce the food gap between the produced and consumed quantities of this crop in Iraq for the period (1990 - 2014) and its effects on the agricultural sector in general. The fluctuation in the production of the wheat crop is offset by an increase in quantities consumed due to several economic factors. Based on this hypothesis, the research relied on the method of linking two directions, the descriptive method which was based on previous studies on the same subject, Lacey and his methods as he used the method of least squares two-stage And then explain the results of the quantitative method to assess the practical side of the study. The study also included the most important conclusions: wheat production was fluctuated during the study period because of the fluctuation in the productivity of the dunums of wheat where most of the cultivated lands are demotic lands represented in northern Iraq and the consumption of wheat is increasing due to the increase in numbers Population and wheat as a necessary commodity for the Iraqi individual so can not be dispensed or replaced, leading to a gap to be processed by importing, and therefore recommends the research: the use of modern agricultural techniques to increase the productivity of acres through the expansion of the use of modern irrigation systems and proved successful to reduce the dependence on rainwater and reduce the work food gap through the adoption of methods and methods in the preparation of modern production plans that work to raise productivity for this crop.
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