THE EFFECT OF THE AGRICULTURAL PRICE POLICIES ON THE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN IRAQ WITH EMPHASIS ON THE STRATEGIC CROPS (WHEAT, BARLEY AND RICE) FOR THE PERIOD (1985-2008)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture,
2017, Volume 45, Issue 1, Pages 59-66
AbstractPrice policy is considered one of the important policies carried out by the state in order to increase and improve the agricultural production from one hand and provide food for all individuals of the community in encouraging prices for the producers and suitable for the consumers with low income from the other hand. It also contributes in providing the necessary capital for the economic development operation,The research aims at recognizing the range of the agricultural price policy effect of the strategic agricultural crops in expanding and deflating their local production in order to take benefit from the value of the economic variables and their effective ranges in designing the agricultural price policy suitable for the Iraqi agriculture,We have chosen a number of agricultural crops whose prices have a great importance for they are considered of the important strategic crops in achieving food security of the country. Those crops have been represented by wheat, barley and rice. The study has depended on the concepts of the economic theory and the previous studies in determining the variable effective on the agricultural production model for the abovementioned crops that involve a number of independent variables. We have used data obtained from those variables for a period (24) years for analysis. In order to get best results, we have applied a standard model with different formulas (double linear and logarithmic and the semi logarithmic). In order to collect data, the research depends on several resources.
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