A STUDY OF THE DETERMINANTS OF THE OLIVE CROP PRODUCTION IN NINEVEH PROVINCE: BASHIQA DISTRICT AS A CASE STUDY FOR THE SEASON 2010
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture,
2017, Volume 45, Issue 1, Pages 25-34
AbstractThe study aims to determinants of the olive crop production in Bashiqa, Nineveh province, as a stale for the 2010 season, The production function (Cobb - Douglas) was estimated using OSL to represent the relationship between the deltoid, which is the quantity of olive crop (y) produced in kg and the independent production factors used: labor vairable (l) worker, day; and the capital (K) dinars. The economic derivatives were identified, Also the total cost function for the short-term samples of the three farms was estimated. The Output of the olive crop was considered as the explanatory variable and the total cost in Iraqi Dinar is considered as dependant variable. The economic derivatives were identified and consequently the total profit was identified for the three categories. The quadratic function was the best one according to the standard statistical tests. Economic derivatives (marginal cost medium) and the ideal size that maximizes profit were calculated where it reached 862,779,714 kg/acre for the sample farms of the three categories noting that the level of actual output was 620,543, 595 kg /acre of the three categories, respectively, which is a clear indicator to the low level of economic efficiency in resource use for olive growers. Flexibility of the olive crop production has been derived for the three categories which are 0.888, 0.974, and 0.695. The flexibility costs amounted to 0.37, 0.33, and 0.17 which is less than the correct one, An indication that the farmers of this product was working the second phase of production.
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