Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

Current Issue
Volume 48, Issue 1

Volume 48, Issue 1, Winter 2020


EFFECT OF FOOD HOST TYPE , EXPOSURE TIME IN RESPONSIBILITY OF DIFFERENT STAGE OF Trogoderma granarium Everts KHABRA BEETLE FOF MICROWAVE RADIATION UNDER STORAGE IN BAGS

Emad Al-Ebady

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126463.1020

The results of food kind exposed to radiation exhibited a different mean mortality on adults reached 52.41 ,58.70 ,50.37 and 52.41% and for percent egg hatch reached 12.96 ,17.78 ,18.33 and 18.33% while the mean mortality in larvae reached 45.56 ,46.48 ,41.30 and 38.15%, and the percentage of pupae transformation to adults reached 47.96 , 46.80 , 45 ,43.52%.Results were positively proportion with increasing the energy levels reached 22.08 , 64.86 , 65.14% for larvae , while the mean percentage of eggs hatchling and the means percentages of pupae transformation to adults decrease with increasing energy levels reached 23.61 , 17.66 and 10.28% for egg hatching , and 58.61 , 40.31 and 29.17% for pupae transformation .The means of adults and larvae mortality increase with increasing the exposure period to radiation reached 31.39 , 58.06 , 72.78 , 75.83 and 76.94% , and 21.67 ,41.39 ,54.72 ,64.44 and 74.17% respectively. Means of eggs hatching percentage and pupae transferred to adults were proportionally decrease with increasing the exposure period. Also the storage of bags affected on mortality of adults Khapra beetle , which reached in bags 5.83%. Compared without bags reached zero, and the mean percentage of eggs hatching in bags treatment decrease reached 31.67% compared without bags reached 100%. While it was no differences in the larvae mortalities of both treatments . Also the pupae transferred to adults were proportionally decrease in bags treatment reached 89.17% compared in controlling without bags reached 100%.

Evaluation of Faba Bean Genotypes For Yield And Yield Components Using Selection Index

Khalil Kanoosh; Mohammed Al-Falahy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126258.1013

The experiment was carried out at the farm at Filed crops Department , College of Agricultural engineering sciences , Duhok University in season 2018-2019 to construed selection index for five faba bean genotypes under different levels of phosphorus fertilizer .The results exhibited that all selection indices include the grain yield gave relatively efficiency , the best selection index were grain yield, number of pods plant-1 and number of seeds pods-1 , so that we can using these characters as criteria’s of selection of faba bean genotypes . Also the results showed that the highest mean selection index was 216.26 for latti kia genotype and significant and difference over all other genotypes .
The heritability broad sense was high for all studied characters and ranged between 0.94 to 0.99 . Regarding to the genetic advance as mean gave high values for first pod height (57.10) , grain yield plant-1 (43.97) , number of main branches plant-1 (33.92) and number of pods plant-1 (31.52) and medium for plant height , days to 75 flowering , number of nodules plant-1 and number of seeds pod-1 . So that we can using these desirable characters to improve the faba bean genotypes .

CORRELATION AND PATH COEFFICIENT ANALYSIS IN BREAD WHEAT

Safwan Alnajjar; Khalid Dawod

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 25-35
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126461.1019

Fifteen genotypes of bread wheat in addition to the two local varieties (Sham6 and Abu-Graib3) were planted inside Mosul University under three spaces between rows (15, 25 and 35cm) using split plots system in randomized complete block design with three replications to evaluate grain yield and some of its components (plant height, number spikes, number of grains/spike, biological yield, 1000 grain weight and harvest index), and genotypic and phenotypic path coefficient analysis among grain yield and its components. The results showed that 15 cm row space gave highest means for biological yield, number spikes and grain yield. The grain yield at this row space was 59.378%  and 123.422% higher than that at 25 and 35 cm row space respectively. Some genotypes significantly outperformed for larger number of traits including grain yield, came in the forefront of it MEXIPAK 65/ASFOOR-7, and Sham6 followed by the genotypes PBW343, NESMA*2/14-2//2*SAFI-3 and BT1735/ACHTAR//ASFOOR-1. It was shown that the yield/unit area had significant positive genotypic and phenotypic correlations with plant height, biological yield, number of grains/spike, 1000 grain weight and harvest index, and phenotypically with number of spikes per unit area. It was revealed from path coefficient analysis that number of grains/spike and harvest index had higher genetic and phenotypic direct effects and indirect effects through some other traits on grain yield, followed in importance by biological, this is useful in the reliability of these three traits as selection criteria for higher yield performance in breeding programs.

EFFECT OF SOME INSECTICIDES ON APHID INSECT MYZUS PERSICAE (Sulzer) AND IT’S PREDATORS AND PARASITES

juhina mohammed ali

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 36-44
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126423.1018

Present study aimed to determine the effects of three insecticides which were Actara, Match and Nimex on Myzuspersicae (Sulzer)  and on it’s both parasite Aphidiusmatricariae Halidayand predators Coccinellaseptempunctata L. and CoccinellanovemnotataHerbst. Results showed that all three insecticides effected parasitic efficiency, of Aphidiusmatricariaeand Nimex recorded highest mortality rate on Myzuspersicae (Sulzer) which was 98-73. All three used pesticides (Actara, Match and Nimex) affected predatory and parasitic efficiency after direct exposure, while less effects the same pesticides on predator efficiency of both C.septempunctata  and C. novemnotata have been recorded after indirect treatment.

EFFECT OF DENSITY AND DIFFERENT LEVELS OF GREEN TEA ON PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE, AND SOME BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF QUAIL

Anwar . AL-Hamed

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 45-55
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126368.1016

This research was conducted at the farm of the Animal Production Department/ College of Agriculture and Forestry/University of Mosul. A total of 624 unsexed quail birds (1- 49 days) were randomly distributed in cages as follows: The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th groups were included 44 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th groups were included 52 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th groups were included 60 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The results show a significant increase in live body weight, weight gain, improvement in feed conversion, production index and factor and albumen concentration within density 44 bird/m2. The same results were occurred, in addition to the decrease in cholesterol and triglycerides concentration, when adding the  1.5%  green tea, while the feed consumption, mortality%, glucose, protein, lipid profile parameters, GOT, and GPT were decreased significantly (p≤0.05) in the same density and in the same level of adding tea that mentioned before. In the interaction between density and adding green tea, green tea traits improved most of the characters within the same density as compared with treatments without adding green tea.