Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

Keywords : Barley


ESTIMATING AND ANALYZING THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SOME CASH CEREAL CROPS IN IRAQ AND EGYPT FOR THE PERIOD 1995-2016

Eman Y. alnjar; Basim F. Al-Douri; Waleed I. Sultan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 4, Pages 86-103
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.128623.1079

This study aims to estimating and analyzing the factors affecting the production and productivity of the main cereal crops in Iraq and Egypt at the period 1995-2016, which are characterized with low production. Three crops were selected, which are wheat, barley and rice. The research was based on a hypothesis that there is a deterioration in the production of the three crops due to some factors that hamper the development of crops production for the period 1995-2016. To verify the hypothesis, the methodology used linking two directions, the descriptive method which depended on the previous studies dealing with the same topic and the quantitative method based on the standard economics methods and techniques. The two stages normal least squares method was used and then interpreting the results of the quantitative method to evaluate the theoretical aspect of the study depending on the economic theory concept. Important conclusions were reached, including: agriculture in Iraq and Egypt is subjected to several limitations with varying effects on its growth. Also, the research reached the important result: the level of the economic agricultural exposure has a negative impact on the quantities of rice produced in Iraq and Egypt, and the researcher recommended adopting a pricing policy that contributes to the product protection and making the local prices of the crops in question approximately the same international prices.

EFFECT OF FEEDING FORMALDEHYDE TREATED BARLEY ON PRODUCING COLOSTRUM AND MILK AND THEIR COMPENONTS AND SOME BLOOD PARAMETERS IN DAMASCUS GOATS

Omar ALMallah; M. N Abdullah,; , N.Y Abbo; G. K Khattab

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2018, Volume 46, Issue 2, Pages 148-157
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2018.161453

This study was conducted in Al-Rashidiya animal breeding station, by using 16 (3-5 years old) of Damascus – Cyprus female goats in the last two months of pregnancy with average body weight 61.25 kg. Goats were divided according to their body weight and milk production during the previous season into two groups, the first was fed on ration contained untreated barley (UTB), while the second group fed on ration contained barley treated with acidic- formaldehyde solution (FTB). both groups were approximately born in the same expected period. Daily feed intake was restricted with 1.25 kg /goat through the experimental period. Results was indicated that feeding FTB led to non-significant improved in colostrums yield 135 g/ hr as compared UTB 109 g/ hr., but the protein 3.88 % and lactose 5.55% increased significantly (p<0.05) as compared with UTB 3.49 and 5.15 respectively. Also , it was noted a significant (p<0.05) increase in milk yield 1185 g/day and its content of fat 5.20%, total solid 8.94% and energy 841kcal/kg in FTB as compared with 959 g milk per day , total solid 8.68 % and energy 728 kcal/ kg in UTB group. Although, the significant (p<0.05) increased in birth weight 4.58 kg in the group that fed on FTB as compared with 3.29 kg for group fed on UTB, but average daily gain was not differ among treatments. Lowered barley degradability caused a significant (p<0.05) decreased blood total protein 5.98 g/dl as compared UTB group 7.03 g/ dl.   

THE SUSCEPTBILITY OF SOME BARLEY CULTIVARS TO ROOT ROT INFECTION AND ITʼS BIOLOGCAL WITH MYCORRHIZA AND CHEMICAL CONTROL

Ali Al kubicy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2017, Volume 45, Issue 2, Pages 313-330
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.161321

This study aimed to biological and chemical control for the most important root rot disease on barley in Iraq. Seven barley culivars were tested to barley root rot pathogens showed that all the cultivars have root rot infections and Iba cuv. has been the lowest level (0.45) in the greenhouse. At the field, All the cuvs. also have shown the infection of root rot and Al- Jazerah cuv. has the lowest class under natural conditions. Also, this cuv. characterized by an increase in the flag leaf (10.93cm2) and produced a greater number of spikes (2.13 spike / plant) and the highest rate of dry weight (4.53 gm/plant). The local Aswad cuv. characterized with the high content of salsilic acid (1.03%). Using the Veiscular Arbsuculur Mycorrhiza (VAM) fungus (Glomus intradices) has shown a decrease in the infection of two barley classes (Jazerah and Zanbaca) by root rot and in improving some characteristics of barley classes under the conditions of industrial infection which reflects on improving some plant characteristics in the greenhouse. At the field, Glomus intradices were efficient in decreasing the disease sevenity of barley root rot (0.34) which was morally equivalent to the best Fungicide (Vitavax) (0.65),This reflects on some plant characteristics and on the barley productivity. Thus, the productivity has increased from 697.3 to 1313.5 ton/hectare.fungicide. Under the industrial conditions of infection in the greenhouse, the fungicide (Vitavax and Raxil) had been the best for controlling disease and improving some characteristics of barley, followed by Mancozeb and Dividend. At the field, the pesticide (Vitavax) had shown superiority in decreasing the disease severity from 0.65 to 0.29 and improving some yield characteristics and raising the productivity from 697.3 to 1268 ton/hectare as well as the pesticide  Mancozeb which raises productivity from 697.3 to 1340.5 ton/hectare.

EFFECT OF WHEAT AND BARLEY SEED PRIMING TREATMENTS ON BEHAVIOR OF GROWTH AND YIELD OF PLANT

Mohammed Al-Nori

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2017, Volume 45, Issue 1, Pages 243-256
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.161282

The experiment was conducted in growth season 2011-2012 in the green house of Agriculture and Forestry College - Mosul University; to study the effects of four priming solutions i.e.(tap water, magnetized water, wheat enzyme, and barley enzyme) in addition to check treatment (without priming) on two wheat varieties (Cham-6 and Dour29) and two barley varieties (Local white and Fourat-4). The results illustrated that the priming solutions affect yield traits in wheat, and germination speed and growth characters in barley. Wheat varieties differ in emergence% and yield characters, while barley varieties differ in growth and yield characters. The second order interaction affect most studied characters. General results revealed that seed priming with water has a good effect on most growth and yield parameter.