Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

Keywords : Quail


EFFECT OF DENSITY AND DIFFERENT LEVELS OF GREEN TEA ON PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE, AND SOME BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF QUAIL

Anwar . AL-Hamed

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 45-55
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126368.1016

This research was conducted at the farm of the Animal Production Department/ College of Agriculture and Forestry/University of Mosul. A total of 624 unsexed quail birds (1- 49 days) were randomly distributed in cages as follows: The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th groups were included 44 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th groups were included 52 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th groups were included 60 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The results show a significant increase in live body weight, weight gain, improvement in feed conversion, production index and factor and albumen concentration within density 44 bird/m2. The same results were occurred, in addition to the decrease in cholesterol and triglycerides concentration, when adding the  1.5%  green tea, while the feed consumption, mortality%, glucose, protein, lipid profile parameters, GOT, and GPT were decreased significantly (p≤0.05) in the same density and in the same level of adding tea that mentioned before. In the interaction between density and adding green tea, green tea traits improved most of the characters within the same density as compared with treatments without adding green tea.  

Effect of Crushed Eruca sativa Seeds Supplementation to Quail Ration on Lipid Profile Before and After Sexual Maturity

Abdullah Fathi Abdul-Majeed; Sarmad Hashem Taha

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2019, Volume 47, Issue 1, Pages 25-35
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.161245

The study aimed to evaluate the effect of crushed Rocket salad (Eruca sativa) seeds on serum lipid profile and risk index of males and females quail before and after sexual maturity. A total of two hundred forty unsexed quail (Coturnix coturnix) (7 days aged) were randomly distributed into 4 groups (60 birds/ group,   5 replicates, 12 birds / replicate), the feed and water were allowed ad libitum, and the treatment continued till 77 days age, as follows:-
1st group(control): birds were reared on standard ration (without Eruca sativa seeds)
2nd group: birds were reared on standard ration supplemented with 6 g / kg crushed Eruca sativa seeds from the age of 7 days till 42 days age.
3rd group: birds were reared on standard ration supplemented with 6 g / kg crushed Eruca sativa seeds from the age of 42 days till 77 days age.
4th group: birds were reared on standard ration supplemented with 6 g / kg crushed Eruca sativa seeds for the whole period of experiment (7 - 77 days).
The addition of crushed Eruca sativa seed don't change the level of blood glucose, but it improves serum lipid profile in males and females quail, especially when given in the early stage of growth before sexual  maturity (Eruca sativa from 7days age), and there was a significant decrease (P≤0.05) in the level of cholesterol, triglycerides and VLDL-C compared with control.
Also the addition of Eruca sativa seeds in the ration enhanced and significantly increased (P ≤ 0.05) the level of HDL-C in males and females quail before sexual maturity (2nd and 4th groups), and there is no significant changes in the level of LDL-C compared with control, which reflected in improvement of risk index (LDL/HDL) especially when Eruca sativa seeds were added from 7 days age.
On the other hand, the addition of Eruca sativa seeds reduced the stress effects in males and females quail as represented by a significant decrease (P ≤ 0.05) in  AST and ALT values as compared with the control group.
In conclusion, the addition of crushed Eruca sativa seeds improve the lipid profile and risk index, also reduce stress condition in males and females quail, especially when given in the growth stage and  before sexual maturity.

 

COMPARED TO SOME OF PRODUCTIVE CHARACTERS AND PHENOTYPIC CORRELATION For TWO STRAINS OF JAPANESE QUAIL BIRD (BLACK, BROWN)

Samawal Al-Tikriti

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2018, Volume 46, Issue 2, Pages 130-135
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2018.161451

This study was conducted at domestic birds field belonging to College of Agriculture - University of Tikrit from 1/3/2011 to 15/6/2011;In this study, two breeds of Japanese quail black and brown birds were use by 60 females per breed. The results revealed that black breedwas significantly superior in egg production traits, age at sexual maturity(day), average weight of first egg (g),average eggs weight (g) average number ofeggs produced during the firsthundred days from laying the first egg (egg / bird) and the average of egg mass (g) were ​​(43.20, 7.36, 12.93, 81.13 and 1049.01) and (44.00, 6.42, 11.42, 76.36 and 872.30) for the black and brown breed, respectively.The phenotypic correlation coefficient between age at sexual maturity and all of the prescription weight first egg and egg weight were positive and high significant correlation, while age at sexual maturity and number of eggs and egg mass is negative and highly significant. The phenotypic correlation werepositive and highly significant between the rate of weight status with the first egg recipe average egg weight and negative with the character of the average number of eggs. Also there was a positive correlation between the average number of eggs and egg mass in both breeds.

EFFECT OF FENUGREEK SEEDS (Trigonella foenum graecum), METHIONINE AND INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS ON SOME BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS AND ANTIOXIDANTS STATUS FOR SOME TISSUES IN QUAIL

Saad Al-Nuaimmi; Saeb. Y. Abdul-Rahman

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2018, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 87-94
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2018.161420

This study was designed to detect an improvement ability of Fenugreek seeds and Methionine on some biochemical parameters and antioxidants status in quail females.The trial included six treatments: first (fenugreek seeds), second (fenugreek + H2O2), third (methionine), fourth (methionine + H2O2), fifth Oxidative stress (H2O2), sixth (control). The results showed that H2O2 treatment caused a significant increase (P ≤ 0.05) in glucose,T.G, T. cholesterol, LDL-C, VLDL-C and atherogenic risk index in blood serum, while HDL-C decreased significantly, as well as MDA level was increased significantly in tissues such as (heart, liver, kidney, pancreas and ovary) whereas GSH level was decreased compared with control group, Corticosterone hormone as well as elevated. Fenugreek seeds alone or with H2O2 treatment caused a significant decrease in glucose & T.G levels as well as in AST & ALT enzymes,while GSH level of heart tissue was increased. Methionine treatment caused a significant increase in GSH level of heart tissue while Corticosterone hormone decreased significantly indicating the antioxidant ability of antioxidants materials to exerted and improvement of some biochemical parameters and antioxidants status in quail females.

EFFECT OF ADDED FAT SOURCES IN GROWING RATIONS IN SOME PRODUCTIVE TRIATS OF WHITE QUIAL

Thaeer Abul-Baki

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2017, Volume 45, Issue 3, Pages 159-168
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.161346

This experiment was conducted on 120 white quails during 4-6 weeks of age which were divided into 4 treatments with 3 replicates (10 birds in each replicate).The experimental treatments were  T1 (control group) reared on standard ration without adding fat، while the treatments T2،T3 and T4 were feed the standard rations with adding 3% of vegetable oil، vegetable hydrolyzed fat and animal tallow respectively. Results showed that  there was a significant increase (p≤0.05) in body weight، body gain in T4. While there were no significant differences in relative growth rate for all treatments except in fifth week، where the third treatment was better than second and fourth treatment but feed and protein consumption did not differ between all treatments. There were a significant improvement in feed conversion ratio and protein conversion ratio in  T4 treatment comparing with other treatments. The third treatment had best economic efficiency while the fourth treatment had the best production index.