About Journal

Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture   was issued for the first time in 1966 and continued until the year 1982, the journal stopped for three years according to the ministerial order which distributing scientific journals between Iraqi universities , according to scientific field , where University of Salahaddin issued Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Zanko), this Journal was the only one in agricultural sciences in Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture was reissued again in 1986 , in 2000 it was adopted as country Journal , its...
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Journal Information

Publisher: University of Mosul

Email:  magrj@uomosul.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Saeb Younis Abdul-Rahman

Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

EFFECT OF FOOD HOST TYPE , EXPOSURE TIME IN RESPONSIBILITY OF DIFFERENT STAGE OF Trogoderma granarium Everts KHABRA BEETLE FOF MICROWAVE RADIATION UNDER STORAGE IN BAGS

Emad Qassem Al-Ebady

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126463.1020

The results of food kind exposed to radiation exhibited a different mean mortality on adults reached 52.41 ,58.70 ,50.37 and 52.41% and for percent egg hatch reached 12.96 ,17.78 ,18.33 and 18.33% while the mean mortality in larvae reached 45.56 ,46.48 ,41.30 and 38.15%, and the percentage of pupae transformation to adults reached 47.96 , 46.80 , 45 ,43.52%.Results were positively proportion with increasing the energy levels reached 22.08 , 64.86 , 65.14% for larvae , while the mean percentage of eggs hatchling and the means percentages of pupae transformation to adults decrease with increasing energy levels reached 23.61 , 17.66 and 10.28% for egg hatching , and 58.61 , 40.31 and 29.17% for pupae transformation .The means of adults and larvae mortality increase with increasing the exposure period to radiation reached 31.39 , 58.06 , 72.78 , 75.83 and 76.94% , and 21.67 ,41.39 ,54.72 ,64.44 and 74.17% respectively. Means of eggs hatching percentage and pupae transferred to adults were proportionally decrease with increasing the exposure period. Also the storage of bags affected on mortality of adults Khapra beetle , which reached in bags 5.83%. Compared without bags reached zero, and the mean percentage of eggs hatching in bags treatment decrease reached 31.67% compared without bags reached 100%. While it was no differences in the larvae mortalities of both treatments . Also the pupae transferred to adults were proportionally decrease in bags treatment reached 89.17% compared in controlling without bags reached 100%.

Evaluation of Faba Bean Genotypes For Yield And Yield Components Using Selection Index

Khalil Hathal Kanoosh; Mohammed Ali Al-Falahy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126258.1013

The experiment was carried out at the farm at Filed crops Department , College of Agricultural engineering sciences , Duhok University in season 2018-2019 to construed selection index for five faba bean genotypes under different levels of phosphorus fertilizer .The results exhibited that all selection indices include the grain yield gave relatively efficiency , the best selection index were grain yield, number of pods plant-1 and number of seeds pods-1 , so that we can using these characters as criteria’s of selection of faba bean genotypes . Also the results showed that the highest mean selection index was 216.26 for latti kia genotype and significant and difference over all other genotypes .
The heritability broad sense was high for all studied characters and ranged between 0.94 to 0.99 . Regarding to the genetic advance as mean gave high values for first pod height (57.10) , grain yield plant-1 (43.97) , number of main branches plant-1 (33.92) and number of pods plant-1 (31.52) and medium for plant height , days to 75 flowering , number of nodules plant-1 and number of seeds pod-1 . So that we can using these desirable characters to improve the faba bean genotypes .

CORRELATION AND PATH COEFFICIENT ANALYSIS IN BREAD WHEAT

Safwan Alnajjar; Khalid Mohammed Dawod

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 25-35
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126461.1019

Fifteen genotypes of bread wheat in addition to the two local varieties (Sham6 and Abu-Graib3) were planted inside Mosul University under three spaces between rows (15, 25 and 35cm) using split plots system in randomized complete block design with three replications to evaluate grain yield and some of its components (plant height, number spikes, number of grains/spike, biological yield, 1000 grain weight and harvest index), and genotypic and phenotypic path coefficient analysis among grain yield and its components. The results showed that 15 cm row space gave highest means for biological yield, number spikes and grain yield. The grain yield at this row space was 59.378%  and 123.422% higher than that at 25 and 35 cm row space respectively. Some genotypes significantly outperformed for larger number of traits including grain yield, came in the forefront of it MEXIPAK 65/ASFOOR-7, and Sham6 followed by the genotypes PBW343, NESMA*2/14-2//2*SAFI-3 and BT1735/ACHTAR//ASFOOR-1. It was shown that the yield/unit area had significant positive genotypic and phenotypic correlations with plant height, biological yield, number of grains/spike, 1000 grain weight and harvest index, and phenotypically with number of spikes per unit area. It was revealed from path coefficient analysis that number of grains/spike and harvest index had higher genetic and phenotypic direct effects and indirect effects through some other traits on grain yield, followed in importance by biological, this is useful in the reliability of these three traits as selection criteria for higher yield performance in breeding programs.

EFFECT OF SOME INSECTICIDES ON APHID INSECT MYZUS PERSICAE (Sulzer) AND IT’S PREDATORS AND PARASITES

juhina adrees mohammed ali

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 36-44
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126423.1018

Present study aimed to determine the effects of three insecticides which were Actara, Match and Nimex on Myzuspersicae (Sulzer)  and on it’s both parasite Aphidiusmatricariae Halidayand predators Coccinellaseptempunctata L. and CoccinellanovemnotataHerbst. Results showed that all three insecticides effected parasitic efficiency, of Aphidiusmatricariaeand Nimex recorded highest mortality rate on Myzuspersicae (Sulzer) which was 98-73. All three used pesticides (Actara, Match and Nimex) affected predatory and parasitic efficiency after direct exposure, while less effects the same pesticides on predator efficiency of both C.septempunctata  and C. novemnotata have been recorded after indirect treatment.

EFFECT OF DENSITY AND DIFFERENT LEVELS OF GREEN TEA ON PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE, AND SOME BLOOD BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF QUAIL

Anwar . AL-Hamed

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 45-55
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126368.1016

This research was conducted at the farm of the Animal Production Department/ College of Agriculture and Forestry/University of Mosul. A total of 624 unsexed quail birds (1- 49 days) were randomly distributed in cages as follows: The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th groups were included 44 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th groups were included 52 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th groups were included 60 birds/m2 and they were fed a standard diet supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1 and 1.5% green tea respectively. The results show a significant increase in live body weight, weight gain, improvement in feed conversion, production index and factor and albumen concentration within density 44 bird/m2. The same results were occurred, in addition to the decrease in cholesterol and triglycerides concentration, when adding the  1.5%  green tea, while the feed consumption, mortality%, glucose, protein, lipid profile parameters, GOT, and GPT were decreased significantly (p≤0.05) in the same density and in the same level of adding tea that mentioned before. In the interaction between density and adding green tea, green tea traits improved most of the characters within the same density as compared with treatments without adding green tea.  

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

Evaluation of Faba Bean Genotypes For Yield And Yield Components Using Selection Index

Khalil Hathal Kanoosh; Mohammed Ali Al-Falahy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126258.1013

The experiment was carried out at the farm at Filed crops Department , College of Agricultural engineering sciences , Duhok University in season 2018-2019 to construed selection index for five faba bean genotypes under different levels of phosphorus fertilizer .The results exhibited that all selection indices include the grain yield gave relatively efficiency , the best selection index were grain yield, number of pods plant-1 and number of seeds pods-1 , so that we can using these characters as criteria’s of selection of faba bean genotypes . Also the results showed that the highest mean selection index was 216.26 for latti kia genotype and significant and difference over all other genotypes .
The heritability broad sense was high for all studied characters and ranged between 0.94 to 0.99 . Regarding to the genetic advance as mean gave high values for first pod height (57.10) , grain yield plant-1 (43.97) , number of main branches plant-1 (33.92) and number of pods plant-1 (31.52) and medium for plant height , days to 75 flowering , number of nodules plant-1 and number of seeds pod-1 . So that we can using these desirable characters to improve the faba bean genotypes .

EFFECT OF BREAD YEAST APPLICATION AND SEAWEED EXTRACT ON CUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus L.) PLANT GROWTH, YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY.

Taha Z. Sarhan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 39, Issue 2, Pages 26-32
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2011.30359

An experiment was carried out in the plastic house of Horticulture Department/college of Agriculture/ Duhok University on Cucumber plants during 2009 growing season to determine the effect of bread yeast and seaweed extracts Alga 600 and sea force 2 on growth, yield and its component on Cucumber C.V. shadi. The results showed that spraying bread yeast or seaweed extract resulted in positive significant difference in shoot characteristics and in all yield traits as compared to untreated treatment. The interaction between yeast and seaweed extract was significantly enhanced all detected traits. Since cucumber plant received 6 g.l-1 bread yeast and sprayed with a mixture of 0.33ml.l-1 Alga 600 +2.5 ml.l-1 Sea force 2 were characterized by the highest values of all shoot and yield characteristics.

EFFECTS OF MICROWAVE RADIATION ON SOME QUALITIES OF DEFERENT RICE VARIETIES

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 42, Issue 1, Pages 216-224
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2014.89354

The microwave radiation had different effects on rice var. The highest increase in the size was (56.26%) for the Indian var., (39.96%) for Bazyani, (39.25%) for Aqrawi var., (36.68%) for the Turkish var., (33.31%) for the Italian and (33.14%) for the Amber var. For the effect of the energy levels of microwave radiation on size increase percentage, the highest increase (40.86%) at 300 watt energy level, (39.99%) at 600 watt energy level, (39.60%) at 100 watt energy level and (38.61%) at 900 watt energy level. Periods of exposure to the microwave radiation, the highest increase in size was (40.83%) at 30 seconds exposure period, (39%) at 60 seconds, (39.45%) at 90 seconds and (40.69%) at 120 seconds exposure period.

ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN MOSUL CITY

Bayda A. Yahya

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 33, Issue 4, Pages 19-28
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2005.34868

For a period of nine months (October 2003-June 2004), 927 pupils of primary schools, (males and females) in Mosul City were assessed for their nutritional status using nutritional methods and measurements including nutritional history, physical examination (standard chart of weight and height, body mass index) in addition to laboratory estimation of hemoglobin level in blood due to malnutrition. The study aimed at identifying nutritional problems and deficiencies in which nutritional intervention is essential for recovery. The study showed that 58% of primary school pupils were in normal state of nutrition, the remaining 41.7% complaining from malnutrition, 33% of them have mild degree, 1.2% with moderate malnutrition, while over weight diagnosed in 7.5% of student. There were no significant difference between pupils from different socioeconomic levels regarding malnutrition, while over weight showed a high percentage among moderate level group. Related factors to pupils nutritional health diagnosed by this study as: improper nutritional school programs, unhealthy dietary habits among pupils, deficit nutritional educational programs. It has been found that 66% of mild malnourished pupils complaining of anemia. The study suggest a more frequent nutritional surveys at different community's levels, with improvement of nutritional educational programs that emphasize school family participation.

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

Evaluation of Faba Bean Genotypes For Yield And Yield Components Using Selection Index

Khalil Hathal Kanoosh; Mohammed Ali Al-Falahy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126258.1013

The experiment was carried out at the farm at Filed crops Department , College of Agricultural engineering sciences , Duhok University in season 2018-2019 to construed selection index for five faba bean genotypes under different levels of phosphorus fertilizer .The results exhibited that all selection indices include the grain yield gave relatively efficiency , the best selection index were grain yield, number of pods plant-1 and number of seeds pods-1 , so that we can using these characters as criteria’s of selection of faba bean genotypes . Also the results showed that the highest mean selection index was 216.26 for latti kia genotype and significant and difference over all other genotypes .
The heritability broad sense was high for all studied characters and ranged between 0.94 to 0.99 . Regarding to the genetic advance as mean gave high values for first pod height (57.10) , grain yield plant-1 (43.97) , number of main branches plant-1 (33.92) and number of pods plant-1 (31.52) and medium for plant height , days to 75 flowering , number of nodules plant-1 and number of seeds pod-1 . So that we can using these desirable characters to improve the faba bean genotypes .

EFFECT OF BREAD YEAST APPLICATION AND SEAWEED EXTRACT ON CUCUMBER (Cucumis sativus L.) PLANT GROWTH, YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY.

Taha Z. Sarhan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 39, Issue 2, Pages 26-32
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2011.30359

An experiment was carried out in the plastic house of Horticulture Department/college of Agriculture/ Duhok University on Cucumber plants during 2009 growing season to determine the effect of bread yeast and seaweed extracts Alga 600 and sea force 2 on growth, yield and its component on Cucumber C.V. shadi. The results showed that spraying bread yeast or seaweed extract resulted in positive significant difference in shoot characteristics and in all yield traits as compared to untreated treatment. The interaction between yeast and seaweed extract was significantly enhanced all detected traits. Since cucumber plant received 6 g.l-1 bread yeast and sprayed with a mixture of 0.33ml.l-1 Alga 600 +2.5 ml.l-1 Sea force 2 were characterized by the highest values of all shoot and yield characteristics.

EFFECTS OF MICROWAVE RADIATION ON SOME QUALITIES OF DEFERENT RICE VARIETIES

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 42, Issue 1, Pages 216-224
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2014.89354

The microwave radiation had different effects on rice var. The highest increase in the size was (56.26%) for the Indian var., (39.96%) for Bazyani, (39.25%) for Aqrawi var., (36.68%) for the Turkish var., (33.31%) for the Italian and (33.14%) for the Amber var. For the effect of the energy levels of microwave radiation on size increase percentage, the highest increase (40.86%) at 300 watt energy level, (39.99%) at 600 watt energy level, (39.60%) at 100 watt energy level and (38.61%) at 900 watt energy level. Periods of exposure to the microwave radiation, the highest increase in size was (40.83%) at 30 seconds exposure period, (39%) at 60 seconds, (39.45%) at 90 seconds and (40.69%) at 120 seconds exposure period.

ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN MOSUL CITY

Bayda A. Yahya

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 33, Issue 4, Pages 19-28
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2005.34868

For a period of nine months (October 2003-June 2004), 927 pupils of primary schools, (males and females) in Mosul City were assessed for their nutritional status using nutritional methods and measurements including nutritional history, physical examination (standard chart of weight and height, body mass index) in addition to laboratory estimation of hemoglobin level in blood due to malnutrition. The study aimed at identifying nutritional problems and deficiencies in which nutritional intervention is essential for recovery. The study showed that 58% of primary school pupils were in normal state of nutrition, the remaining 41.7% complaining from malnutrition, 33% of them have mild degree, 1.2% with moderate malnutrition, while over weight diagnosed in 7.5% of student. There were no significant difference between pupils from different socioeconomic levels regarding malnutrition, while over weight showed a high percentage among moderate level group. Related factors to pupils nutritional health diagnosed by this study as: improper nutritional school programs, unhealthy dietary habits among pupils, deficit nutritional educational programs. It has been found that 66% of mild malnourished pupils complaining of anemia. The study suggest a more frequent nutritional surveys at different community's levels, with improvement of nutritional educational programs that emphasize school family participation.