About Journal

Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture   was issued for the first time in 1966 and continued until the year 1982, the journal stopped for three years according to the ministerial order which distributing scientific journals between Iraqi universities , according to scientific field , where University of Salahaddin issued Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Zanko), this Journal was the only one in agricultural sciences in Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture was reissued again in 1986 , in 2000 it was adopted as country Journal , its...
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Journal Information

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  magrj@uomosul.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Saeb Younis Abdul-Rahman

Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

COMPARISON OF SOME DETACHABILITY INDICES IN RELATION TO SOIL ERODIBILITY ( KUSLE ) FOR CALCAREOUS SOILS

Guljihan abdullah Qurut; khalid Falih hassan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 4, Pages 1-7
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.125984.1005

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to use some indices related to soil aggregate instead of soil erodibility factor KUSLE of the universal soil loss equation ( USLE ) for a selected calcareous soils. Twelve composite calcareous soil samples from 0 - 15 cm depth were collected from 12 different locations at Nineveh provenance. The selected soils were analyzed for five commonly used erodibility indices used for identify soil erodibility .These indices are ; Clay Aggregation Index (CAI ) , Clay Dispersion Ratio (CDR) , Clay Flocculation Index( CFI ), Dispersion ratio ( DR ), and Erosion Index of Bouyoucos ( EIB)
The results indicated that there is a highly significant positive correlation ( r = 0.891**) between EIB and KUSLE in comparison to the other criteria which pointed a weak correlation Also ,the results show through variance analysis that the mean of the criterion EIB values ( 3.651 ) was very close to the mean of the KUSLE values ( 3.839 ). These results mean that EIB is more reliable index for prediction the soil erodibility in calcareous soils.

LEAD REACTIONS IN SOME CALCAREOUS SOILS OF NORTHERN IRAQ

mohammed alijamal; ali mohe al-ddin AL-Obadi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 4, Pages 8-26
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126310.1015

The adsorption experiment of three different calcareous soils (loam and clay) for Nineveh governorate (Tel Aakoub, Ibrahim Al-Khalil, and Taqlif) was classified under Aridsol-Calciorthids with a slight slant to alkaline (7.43), non saline (3.24 dS m-1), Low content of organic matter (17.3 gkg-1), cation exchange capacity (42 Cmolc kg-1), high content of carbonate minerals (409 g kg-1). Lead adsorption was studied by batch equilibrium method at a temperature of (298 Kelvin) for lead solutions (5,10,20,40,80,100 mg L-1). For 48 hours,the lead was measured in equilibrium solutions and the adsorption criteria were calculated according to Langmuir ,Freundlich and the DR equations. The results of the mathematical description of lead adsorption showed high efficiency in the use of Langmuir , Freundlich and the DR equations at the concentrations used. The lead added to the soil was also distributed between the equilibrium solution and the solid soil phase in terms of propagation coefficient values (Kd), which ranged from (111.8) to(255.5 l kg-1)with an average of 169 l kg-1. The DR equation exceeded the Langmuir and Freundlich equivalents in the description of lead adsorption to obtain the highest coefficient of determination (R2) and a lesser standard error (SE).The adsorption capacity (qm) of the lead ion in the study of soil was( 13.63 - 41.48 mol g-1).The K value associated with the adsorption capacity ranged from (-0.44) to (- 1.24) (mol2 KJ -2). The value of (E) is the free energy rate of the reaction ranged from the lead adsorption values (0.63 - 1.06 KJmol-1)

EFFECT OF FOOD HOST TYPE , EXPOSURE TIME IN RESPONSIBILITY OF DIFFERENT STAGE OF Trogoderma granarium Everts KHABRA BEETLE FOF MICROWAVE RADIATION UNDER STORAGE IN BAGS

Emad Qassem Al-Ebady

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 4, Pages 27-38
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126463.1020

The results of food kind exposed to radiation exhibited a different mean mortality on adults reached 52.41 ,58.70 ,50.37 and 52.41% and for percent egg hatch reached 12.96 ,17.78 ,18.33 and 18.33% while the mean mortality in larvae reached 45.56 ,46.48 ,41.30 and 38.15%, and the percentage of pupae transformation to adults reached 47.96 , 46.80 , 45 ,43.52%.Results were positively proportion with increasing the energy levels reached 22.08 , 64.86 , 65.14% for larvae , while the mean percentage of eggs hatchling and the means percentages of pupae transformation to adults decrease with increasing energy levels reached 23.61 , 17.66 and 10.28% for egg hatching , and 58.61 , 40.31 and 29.17% for pupae transformation .The means of adults and larvae mortality increase with increasing the exposure period to radiation reached 31.39 , 58.06 , 72.78 , 75.83 and 76.94% , and 21.67 ,41.39 ,54.72 ,64.44 and 74.17% respectively. Means of eggs hatching percentage and pupae transferred to adults were proportionally decrease with increasing the exposure period. Also the storage of bags affected on mortality of adults Khapra beetle , which reached in bags 5.83%. Compared without bags reached zero, and the mean percentage of eggs hatching in bags treatment decrease reached 31.67% compared without bags reached 100%. While it was no differences in the larvae mortalities of both treatments . Also the pupae transferred to adults were proportionally decrease in bags treatment reached 89.17% compared in controlling without bags reached 100%.

Evaluation of Faba Bean Genotypes For Yield And Yield Components Using Selection Index

Khalil Hathal Kanoosh; Mohammed Ali Al-Falahy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 4, Pages 39-51
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126258.1013

The experiment was carried out at the farm at Filed crops Department , College of Agricultural engineering sciences , Duhok University in season 2018-2019 to construed selection index for five faba bean genotypes under different levels of phosphorus fertilizer .The results exhibited that all selection indices include the grain yield gave relatively efficiency , the best selection index were grain yield, number of pods plant-1 and number of seeds pods-1 , so that we can using these characters as criteria’s of selection of faba bean genotypes . Also the results showed that the highest mean selection index was 216.26 for latti kia genotype and significant and difference over all other genotypes .
The heritability broad sense was high for all studied characters and ranged between 0.94 to 0.99 . Regarding to the genetic advance as mean gave high values for first pod height (57.10) , grain yield plant-1 (43.97) , number of main branches plant-1 (33.92) and number of pods plant-1 (31.52) and medium for plant height , days to 75 flowering , number of nodules plant-1 and number of seeds pod-1 . So that we can using these desirable characters to improve the faba bean genotypes .

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

EFFECTS OF MICROWAVE RADIATION ON SOME QUALITIES OF DEFERENT RICE VARIETIES

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 42, Issue 1, Pages 216-224
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2014.89354

The microwave radiation had different effects on rice var. The highest increase in the size was (56.26%) for the Indian var., (39.96%) for Bazyani, (39.25%) for Aqrawi var., (36.68%) for the Turkish var., (33.31%) for the Italian and (33.14%) for the Amber var. For the effect of the energy levels of microwave radiation on size increase percentage, the highest increase (40.86%) at 300 watt energy level, (39.99%) at 600 watt energy level, (39.60%) at 100 watt energy level and (38.61%) at 900 watt energy level. Periods of exposure to the microwave radiation, the highest increase in size was (40.83%) at 30 seconds exposure period, (39%) at 60 seconds, (39.45%) at 90 seconds and (40.69%) at 120 seconds exposure period.

ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN MOSUL CITY

Bayda A. Yahya

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 33, Issue 4, Pages 19-28
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2005.34868

For a period of nine months (October 2003-June 2004), 927 pupils of primary schools, (males and females) in Mosul City were assessed for their nutritional status using nutritional methods and measurements including nutritional history, physical examination (standard chart of weight and height, body mass index) in addition to laboratory estimation of hemoglobin level in blood due to malnutrition. The study aimed at identifying nutritional problems and deficiencies in which nutritional intervention is essential for recovery. The study showed that 58% of primary school pupils were in normal state of nutrition, the remaining 41.7% complaining from malnutrition, 33% of them have mild degree, 1.2% with moderate malnutrition, while over weight diagnosed in 7.5% of student. There were no significant difference between pupils from different socioeconomic levels regarding malnutrition, while over weight showed a high percentage among moderate level group. Related factors to pupils nutritional health diagnosed by this study as: improper nutritional school programs, unhealthy dietary habits among pupils, deficit nutritional educational programs. It has been found that 66% of mild malnourished pupils complaining of anemia. The study suggest a more frequent nutritional surveys at different community's levels, with improvement of nutritional educational programs that emphasize school family participation.

EFFECT OF Zingbel officinale OIL AND WATER EXTRACTS OF Citrullus colocynthis AND Peganum Harmala ON MORTALITY Tribolium castaneum (Herbsr)(Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae)

Ayyub J.Al-Bayaty; Thabit M. Al-Ghnaam; Alaa E.Tawfeeq

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 41, Issue 0, Pages 81-87
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2013.83909

A laboratories experiment was conducted by using petri dishes in the laboratories of Women educatiob college-Tikrit University to study effect of Zingbel officinale oil and water extract of Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on mortality Tribolium castaneum .Results showed superior the treatmentof Zingbel officinale oil with mixture of water extract both Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on given higher mortalit percentage reached 78.4% while less mortality percentage recorded on control treatment reached 0%. Hugher percentage of mortality recorded on same treatment after first day from the treatment then the this percentage decreased graduly on the second and third days from treatment.

EFFECT OF BROILER DIET COMPOSITION ON NEWCASTLE DISEASE ANTIBODY PRODUCTION

A. M. Saeed Al Saigh

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 34, Issue 3, Pages 2-6
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2006.26371

An experiment was conducted at the college of veterinary medicine to investigate the effect of two types of broiler starter diets, with or without animal protein, on Newcastle disease antibody production. Bursal weight index was also studied. Two replicates with 10 male broiler chicks, each were used in each treatment groups, A and B, for a total of 40 birds .The experimental birds were reared from day old till 4 weeks of age. Results revealed that there were no significant effects on antibody titer and bursal weight index, due to different types of the experimental diets. It was found that out of antibody titers 20 and 40, only 3 and 2 birds were found to be positive, respectively .Where as out of antibody titers 80 and 160 only 3 birds from each group, A and B, where found to be positive verses 8 and 4 birds from group B were shown to be positive.

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

EFFECTS OF MICROWAVE RADIATION ON SOME QUALITIES OF DEFERENT RICE VARIETIES

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 42, Issue 1, Pages 216-224
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2014.89354

The microwave radiation had different effects on rice var. The highest increase in the size was (56.26%) for the Indian var., (39.96%) for Bazyani, (39.25%) for Aqrawi var., (36.68%) for the Turkish var., (33.31%) for the Italian and (33.14%) for the Amber var. For the effect of the energy levels of microwave radiation on size increase percentage, the highest increase (40.86%) at 300 watt energy level, (39.99%) at 600 watt energy level, (39.60%) at 100 watt energy level and (38.61%) at 900 watt energy level. Periods of exposure to the microwave radiation, the highest increase in size was (40.83%) at 30 seconds exposure period, (39%) at 60 seconds, (39.45%) at 90 seconds and (40.69%) at 120 seconds exposure period.

ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN MOSUL CITY

Bayda A. Yahya

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 33, Issue 4, Pages 19-28
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2005.34868

For a period of nine months (October 2003-June 2004), 927 pupils of primary schools, (males and females) in Mosul City were assessed for their nutritional status using nutritional methods and measurements including nutritional history, physical examination (standard chart of weight and height, body mass index) in addition to laboratory estimation of hemoglobin level in blood due to malnutrition. The study aimed at identifying nutritional problems and deficiencies in which nutritional intervention is essential for recovery. The study showed that 58% of primary school pupils were in normal state of nutrition, the remaining 41.7% complaining from malnutrition, 33% of them have mild degree, 1.2% with moderate malnutrition, while over weight diagnosed in 7.5% of student. There were no significant difference between pupils from different socioeconomic levels regarding malnutrition, while over weight showed a high percentage among moderate level group. Related factors to pupils nutritional health diagnosed by this study as: improper nutritional school programs, unhealthy dietary habits among pupils, deficit nutritional educational programs. It has been found that 66% of mild malnourished pupils complaining of anemia. The study suggest a more frequent nutritional surveys at different community's levels, with improvement of nutritional educational programs that emphasize school family participation.

EFFECT OF Zingbel officinale OIL AND WATER EXTRACTS OF Citrullus colocynthis AND Peganum Harmala ON MORTALITY Tribolium castaneum (Herbsr)(Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae)

Ayyub J.Al-Bayaty; Thabit M. Al-Ghnaam; Alaa E.Tawfeeq

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 41, Issue 0, Pages 81-87
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2013.83909

A laboratories experiment was conducted by using petri dishes in the laboratories of Women educatiob college-Tikrit University to study effect of Zingbel officinale oil and water extract of Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on mortality Tribolium castaneum .Results showed superior the treatmentof Zingbel officinale oil with mixture of water extract both Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on given higher mortalit percentage reached 78.4% while less mortality percentage recorded on control treatment reached 0%. Hugher percentage of mortality recorded on same treatment after first day from the treatment then the this percentage decreased graduly on the second and third days from treatment.

EFFECT OF BROILER DIET COMPOSITION ON NEWCASTLE DISEASE ANTIBODY PRODUCTION

A. M. Saeed Al Saigh

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 34, Issue 3, Pages 2-6
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2006.26371

An experiment was conducted at the college of veterinary medicine to investigate the effect of two types of broiler starter diets, with or without animal protein, on Newcastle disease antibody production. Bursal weight index was also studied. Two replicates with 10 male broiler chicks, each were used in each treatment groups, A and B, for a total of 40 birds .The experimental birds were reared from day old till 4 weeks of age. Results revealed that there were no significant effects on antibody titer and bursal weight index, due to different types of the experimental diets. It was found that out of antibody titers 20 and 40, only 3 and 2 birds were found to be positive, respectively .Where as out of antibody titers 80 and 160 only 3 birds from each group, A and B, where found to be positive verses 8 and 4 birds from group B were shown to be positive.