About Journal

Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture was issued for the first time in 1966 and continued until the year 1982, the journal stopped for three years according to the ministerial order which distributing scientific journals between Iraqi universities , according to scientific field , where University of Salahaddin issued Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Zanko), this Journal was the only one in agricultural sciences in Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture was reissued again in 1986 , in 2000 it was adopted as country Journal , its name was changed...
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Journal Information

Publisher: Mosul University

Email:  magrj@uomosul.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Saeb Younis Abdul-Rahman

Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

IMPACT OF QUAIL RATION SUPPLEMENTAION WITH MELATONIN ON PHYSIOLOGICAL, PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE AND ANTIOXIDANT STATUS.

Ahmed Taha; Anmar Dhirar Mawlood

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 3, Pages 1-8
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.125948.1004

Abstract
This study designed to demonstrate the effect of adding different levels of melatonin in some productive and physiological characteristics of quail birds at the age of 35 days. Melatonin added from 7 days to 21 days age, a total 225 bird aged 7 days divided into three treatments with three replicates. The first treatment represented the control treatment (without addition). The second and third treatments Ration supplemented with melatonin at a concentration of 20 and 30 mg / Kg feed respectively
The results showed:
Melatonin addition did not have significant effect on the live body weight, body weight gain, feed consumption, and the feed conversion ratio from the age of 7 to 35 days, although there was a significant decrease in the melatonin treatments body weight at 21 Day.
In addition, melatonin treatment had no significant effect on the total number of red blood cells, white blood cells, PCV% and hemoglobin concentration. While the third treatment showed a significant decrease in MCV and MCH compared to control treatment. About the antioxidants status, Melatonin (20 mg|\kg) reduce MDA and increase GSH significantly.

EFFECT OF IRON AND VITAMIN B12 INJECTION ON BODY MEASUREMENTS AND SOME BLOOD CHARACTERISTICS OF AWASSI LAMBS

Wassem Khalid Ahmade; Wissam Jasim Mohammed Ali; Mohammad Ibrahim

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 3, Pages 9-14
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.163049

Current study was conducted on 15 Awassi lambs with an average Weight11.24±0.06kg and with average age (1 month aged) Lambs were randomly divided into three groups,(5lambs/group) 1stgroup: control, 2nd group was injected subcutaneously once every ten days with Iron and vitamin B12 (4.54mg/kg body weight and 4.54μg/kg body weight ) 3rd group lambs wereinjected subcutaneously with Iron and vitamin B12(9.09 mg /kg body weight and 9.09μg/kg body weight ) respectively. Results showed a significant increase(P≤0.05)in final weight, total gain, daily gain, body length, chest girth,fore thickness, lymphocyte % and monocyte% intreated groups with Iron and vitamin B12 compared with control group. Also results shows a significant increase(P≤0.05)for 2nd group lambs compared with control in fore height, rear height and rear thick. While there area significant decreaseIn treated groups in neutrophils % and stress index.In conclusion, iron and vitamin B12 injection to weaning lambs improve body measurements and weight and immunity

THE EFFECT OF BODY WEIGHT AND LITTER SIZE ON SOME PRODUCTIVE PARAMETERS AND MILK COMPONENTS OF SHEEP UNDER SEMI – INTENSIVE BREEDING

Khalid Hassani Sultan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 3, Pages 15-24
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.126115.1009

In the current study, 28 Awassi ewes ( 2 -3 ) years aged were used with their lambs for 12 weeks, to evaluate the effect of ewes body weight BW and Litter size LS on Body weight BW, Body gain BG of lambs, Milk yield MY and milk components of ewes. After lambing, ewes were weighted directly. Ewes divided to 4 groups depending on it's body weight , the groups were: 1st and 2nd groups: ewes with high body weight and single lambing HS, and twin lambing HT respectively, 3rd and 4th groups: ewes with low body weight and single lambing LS, and twin lambing LT respectively. The results showed a significant increase (p≤0.05) in BW and BG in HS lambs groups compared with LT lambs most weeks of study. MY was higher significantly (p≤0.05) in H ewes group that have twin lambs at most weeks of study, milk fat% recorded a significant increase in milk fat% in H ewes group with single lamb.. In conclusion, single lambs born and reared by heavy ewes were became heavier at the end of lactation period( at weaning), also ewes with twin lambs regardless if it was H or L will have more milk yield.

STUDY THE EFFECT OF IMMERSION AND SPRAY OF HATCHING EGGS BY VITAMIN C DURING HATCHING AND PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF OFFSPRING FOR QUAIL

Anwar Al- Hamed; AHMED AL-Eshaki

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 3, Pages 25-36
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.126193.1010

Research was conducted in the fields of animal production / College of Agriculture and Forestry / University of Mosul form 3/4/2019 to 28/6/2019 for 87 days to find out the effect of treatment of hatching eggs with vitamin C by immersion (Im) and spraying (SP) in the thickness ,weight of the shell, hatch, performance, carcass and some blood parameters, environmental temperature 37± 2 ̊. The study include :first: the initial egg weights and on days (5, 10, 15) the thickness and weight of the shell before and after incubation, were treated :- First: control, second: the (Im) of eggs with distilled water, third: (Sp) with water, fourth: (Im)by 5g\L, Fifth (Im) with 10g/L, Sixth: (Sp)with 5g /L and Seventh: (Sp) with 10g /L, Duration of (Im) and (Sp) 2 Min., second stage: from of 1- 49 days. The results :increase at in the loss% of egg weight , hatching% and in the weight of hatching chicks and a decrease in the the egg weight% of the initial weight, and increase in embryonic mortality% for (Im) by 10. Decrease in body weight and feed consumption in Vit.C treatments with improvement in feed conversion and production index for (Im) (5, 10) g/ L and high mortality% at (Im) 10g /L. Significant superiority in the dressing in 10 g/L and the chest% for Vit.C treatments ,significant decrease in abdominal fat in (Im)at a 10 g /L at 49 and 56 days. A decrease in serum glucose, globin and triglycerides to spray 5g /L

PREDICTION OF HAUGH UNIT BY EGG WEIGHT AND ALBUMEN HEIGHT

Rafea khaleel

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 47, Issue 3, Pages 37-43
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2019.126220.1011

Haugh unit which introduced by Raymond haugh in 1937 is the most scale used to measure the egg quality by equation ( HU= 100*Log (h+7.57)-(1.7 * W 0.37 ) .The aim of this research is to find the prediction equation of the Haugh unit depending on egg weight and albumen height, where we calculate 1503101 value of Haugh unit using microsoft Excel spreadsheet functions and data of egg weight ranged from 40 to 65 gm by increment (0.01) gm , and albumen height from 4 to 10 mm by increment (0.01)mm . The results indicates that there was a significant positive correlation between haugh unit and albumen height (0.969) and negative correlation between haugh unit and egg weight (-0.215), and the ANOVA table show high significant effect of regression model (P ≤ 0.0001) with coefficient of determination R2 (0.985) which indicate that the prediction equation (HU = 58.235-0.334 W+6.256 A) can predict haugh unit with high accuracy.

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

EFFECT OF SOME AGRICULTURAL TREATMENTS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF LETTUCE Lactuca sativa L.

Mohammad Talal A. El-Habar; Mohammad Radhi S. Al-Saaberi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 56-66
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2008.27595

This study was conducted in vegetable farm in the college of Agriculture and Forestry, Mosul University during 2003-2004 growing season to investigate the effects of two sowing dates: the Sept.20th and Oct. 20th, two planting methods of seedling: plots and furrows and with the application of nitrogen fertilizer (Urea 46% N) at rates 0 and 60 Kg/Donnum applied at two doses with three methods of splitting: 1- Half of the total amount was added after two weeks from transplanting and the other half was added at 21 days prior to harvest (30 + 30Kg Urea /Donnum). 2- One third of the total amount added after two weeks from transplanting and the other two thirds was added at 21 days prior to harvest (20 + 40Kg Urea/Donnum). 3- Two thirds of the total amount added two weeks from transplanting and the other one third added at 21 days prior to the harvest (40 + 20Kg Urea/Donnum) on growth, yield and quality of lettuce cv. Paris Island. The experiment consisted of 16 treatments conducted in the field in a factorial experiment within split plot using the Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates. Results indicated that vegetative growth i.e. leaf number/plant, leaf area/plant, head circumferences and mean weight of marketable head were increased significantly by second sowing date (Nov. 20th), plot planting method as well as by applying nitrogen fertilizer, while the methods of splitting of nitrogen fertilizer had no significant effect on most above mention characters. A similar favorable effect of second sowing date (No.20th), plot planting method and applying nitrogen fertilizer on yield characters was obtained at harvest, However, it has increased significantly folded head percentage, total and marketable yield, whereas the percentage of bolting plants only decreased significantly by second sowing date. The interaction among sowing date, plating methods, nitrogen application gave positive and significant increase in the total and marketable yield.

EFFECT PERIODS QUALITATIVE FEED RATIONING IN SOME PRODUCTION TRAITS AND CARCASS TRAITS TO QUAIL JAPANESE ) Coturnix japonica ) ,

Faiyz Sami AL Khatib

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 40, Issue 0, Pages 138-148
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2012.63483

The study was conducted in the fields of agricultural research in the area of Errachidia of the Public Authority for Agricultural Research in 2012, and use the 280 Japanese quail chicks white non-naturalized one day old and has been reared free education under standard conditions until the age of 14 days, At the beginning of the third week were distributed randomly on transactions / each treatment repeating / all bis 20 chick, and included a control treatment to feed standard and the water is free on the length of the study, Transactions 2,3 and 4 were eased three levels of 10,15 and 20% Sawdust soft white, made in the early period of life during the third and fourth weeks, and has provided the above-mentioned levels of diets of transactions 5,6 and 7, respectively, in the late period of life during the fifth and sixth weeks, The results of statistical analysis as follows:
The lack of significant differences within the Effect of the weight of the living body and the proportion of mortality college and increase weighing college and feed conversion ratio and carcass weight and the percentage of parts and the parts edible and the percentage of abdominal fat and dressing percentage between the two study early and late, Under the influence of levels of rationing food quality, there was no significant differences in final body weight and the increase weighted kidney and carcass traits and the proportion of abdominal fat and dressing percentage, while the proportion of mortality morally transactions rationing compared with the control except for the ratio percentages of the thighs and wings and show a significant decrease in feed consumption aggregate The conversion factor for wood shavings without food rationing transactions compared to control, Under the influence of overlap between the periods and levels of regulation differences did not note the presence of spirits in the final body weight and increase weighing college, while showing a significant decrease in feed consumption aggregate without mulch for all transactions rationing than controls, as well as the back improved significantly in feed conversion macro without mulch for the period early under the 20% level and the late period under the mitigation levels 10, 15 and 20% sawdust compared with untreated birds, Did not observe the existence of significant differences in carcass characteristics and the percentage of fat and dressing percentage of all transactions except for the study the proportion of the back.

EVALUATING OF PERFORMANCE THE SEED DRILL (GASPARDO SC-250) WITH DIFFERENT GROUND SPEED AND SOWING RATE IN CHICKPEAS (Cicer arietinum L.) CROP PRODUCTION

Mosab Abd Al-wahid Mohammed

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 39, Issue 1, Pages 203-210
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2011.28081

This research was contacted during 2006-2007 in semi- arid rainfed region of silty clay soil in mosul city field to study the effect of two speed sowing
(3.5-4.5)Km/h with three sowing rate (60,80,100) Kg/ ha in some characteristic of mechanization, growing and yield of chickpeas. The results indicated the possibility of using seed drill (Gaspardo SC-250) for planting chickpeas at the first speed because it achieved the lowest ratio in (slippage, deviation ratio between the rows and seed damage)% while the second provides showed results in (No. of plants/m2, No.of plant/5m length, weight of 100 seeds and seeds yield).
The sowing rate (100 kg / ha) indicated better results in all growth characteristic and seed yield except (No. of branches/plant , No. of pods/plant and weight of 100 seeds), the interaction between sowing rate (100 kg/ha) with sowing speed (5-6) Km/h achieved the best results on growth and yield properties and the slippage ratio was within an allowed level with a lowest seed damage .

EFFECT SUPPORT POLICIS ON ALL FROM THE PRODUCTING AND CONSUMPTION CROP WHEAT IRAQ FOR TH PERIOD

Salim Y. Sultain AI-Niaamy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 14-23
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2008.26600

The price proving issues considers one of the most issues that is most of the world countries suffering from it because of the direct connected with the people life and with their lived levels this is from one side, and national economics systematizing (supply and demand) from another side. As we know, The wheat crop is an importance food strategy crop that is we must interest in it with specifically for food secure requirements and inquest the self-security that is all needed concerning with studies the supporting policies and affected it on producing and consumption in the wheat crop. In this research we shall focus on wheat price support by considering an important food commodities for the Iraqi people, therefore the state aimed from the support policies for this crop specifically to stability prices it in the market and saving it for the people that their having limited income and it saving the motive for the producer to continued the producing and development the producing. It is show that trend timer general chronological taken ascend facing to all of the producing and consumption with increasing rate assumed (-2.70) and 0.65 on the successively through mentioned period. confirm the analysis found the policies that Iraq country to follow it trend wheat crop have positive effect on the producer welfare (his income and his profit level) since the study time.

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

EFFECTS OF MICROWAVE RADIATION ON SOME QUALITIES OF DEFERENT RICE VARIETIES

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 42, Issue 1, Pages 216-224
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2014.89354

The microwave radiation had different effects on rice var. The highest increase in the size was (56.26%) for the Indian var., (39.96%) for Bazyani, (39.25%) for Aqrawi var., (36.68%) for the Turkish var., (33.31%) for the Italian and (33.14%) for the Amber var. For the effect of the energy levels of microwave radiation on size increase percentage, the highest increase (40.86%) at 300 watt energy level, (39.99%) at 600 watt energy level, (39.60%) at 100 watt energy level and (38.61%) at 900 watt energy level. Periods of exposure to the microwave radiation, the highest increase in size was (40.83%) at 30 seconds exposure period, (39%) at 60 seconds, (39.45%) at 90 seconds and (40.69%) at 120 seconds exposure period.

EFFECT OF BROILER DIET COMPOSITION ON NEWCASTLE DISEASE ANTIBODY PRODUCTION

A. M. Saeed Al Saigh

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 34, Issue 3, Pages 2-6
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2006.26371

An experiment was conducted at the college of veterinary medicine to investigate the effect of two types of broiler starter diets, with or without animal protein, on Newcastle disease antibody production. Bursal weight index was also studied. Two replicates with 10 male broiler chicks, each were used in each treatment groups, A and B, for a total of 40 birds .The experimental birds were reared from day old till 4 weeks of age. Results revealed that there were no significant effects on antibody titer and bursal weight index, due to different types of the experimental diets. It was found that out of antibody titers 20 and 40, only 3 and 2 birds were found to be positive, respectively .Where as out of antibody titers 80 and 160 only 3 birds from each group, A and B, where found to be positive verses 8 and 4 birds from group B were shown to be positive.

EFFECT SUPPORT POLICIS ON ALL FROM THE PRODUCTING AND CONSUMPTION CROP WHEAT IRAQ FOR TH PERIOD

Salim Y. Sultain AI-Niaamy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 14-23
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2008.26600

The price proving issues considers one of the most issues that is most of the world countries suffering from it because of the direct connected with the people life and with their lived levels this is from one side, and national economics systematizing (supply and demand) from another side. As we know, The wheat crop is an importance food strategy crop that is we must interest in it with specifically for food secure requirements and inquest the self-security that is all needed concerning with studies the supporting policies and affected it on producing and consumption in the wheat crop. In this research we shall focus on wheat price support by considering an important food commodities for the Iraqi people, therefore the state aimed from the support policies for this crop specifically to stability prices it in the market and saving it for the people that their having limited income and it saving the motive for the producer to continued the producing and development the producing. It is show that trend timer general chronological taken ascend facing to all of the producing and consumption with increasing rate assumed (-2.70) and 0.65 on the successively through mentioned period. confirm the analysis found the policies that Iraq country to follow it trend wheat crop have positive effect on the producer welfare (his income and his profit level) since the study time.

The EFFECT OF THE REARING ON OILS SOURCE IN ACTIVATION OF OILS FOR CONTROLLING THE GRAIN BEETLE Trogoderma granarium (E.)

Batool A. Karso; Nazar M.Al-Mallah

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 286-293
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2013.80353

The results of studying the effect of the type of host food by which the larvae were reared on , and the type of oil used for some vegetable oils ( sunflower ,Sesame ,Peanut , Soybean and Almond ) on the 3rd instar of grain beetle , showed a different mortality percentage and the Peanut oil exhibit a superior , killing percentage reached 72.5 . and toxicity index 100 on insect larvae reared on Peanut in comparisor with 49.3 % and 41.3 for toxicity index . The lowest killing percentage 43.7 % was obtains from treating larvae reared on Sunflower with Sunflower oil in comparison with 66.6% on larvae reared on wheat .