About Journal

Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture   was issued for the first time at 1/4/1966 and continued until the year 1982, the journal stopped for three years according to the ministerial order which distributing scientific journals between Iraqi universities , according to scientific field , where University of Salahaddin issued Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Zanko), this Journal was the only one in agricultural sciences in Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Mesopotamia journal of Agriculture was reissued again in 1986 , in 2000 it was adopted as country Journal ,...
Read More ...

Journal Information

Publisher: University of Mosul

Email:  magrj@uomosul.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Saeb Younis Abdul-Rahman

Print ISSN: 1815-316X

Online ISSN: 2224-9796

INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS BY DEFEROXAMINE (DESFERAL) DURING THE PREGNANCY: PRE AND POST-NATAL DEVELOPMENTAL STUDY

Abeer Thanoon; Ali S. Alchalabi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 1-18
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129080.1103

The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of induced oxidative stress by the deferoxamine (desferal) during the pregnancy on pre and post-natal developmen. One hundred twenty adult female albino rats, 3 months old, with an average weight of 175-200 g, were randomly distributed into two main groups (60 rats/group). The 1st (control group) was injected with 0.3 ml physiological salt solution / animal, and the 2nd group was injected with 100 mg deferral/kg B.W. which was given intraperitoneal once daily for three consecutive weeks (during the pregnancy period). At the end of the treatment, each group in turn was divided into two parts, each section comprising 10 animals, blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis, then uterine and fetal tissues collected to observation the studied parameters. Results showed decrease in the numbers of implantation and blastocysts. The number of alive embryos were significantly reduced with an increasing number of dead and reabsorbed embryos, malformation of fetus increase in uterine of the stressed female group compared with control group. Postnatal observations showed significant variations in postnatal development parameters. Our study suggests that the deferral injection has a pro-oxidant capacity on rats' model at dose of 100 mg/kg, and the oxidative stress plays an important role during pregnancy especially on prenatal development as well as persist up to postnatal life.

MYIASIS, ITS TYPES, CAUSES, AND THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOME BACTERIAL SPECIES TO ITS EVENTS / (ARTICLE REVIEW)

Aulfat T. Yaseen; Dalia A. Mohammed; Eman M. T. Taher

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 19-33
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129403.1109

       Myiasis is one of the most complex and interesting relationships that we see in nature, as it represents the relationship between small larvae of the order of Diptera and other creatures such as humans and animals. It is also considered an economic problem that causes heavy losses in livestock. And in both animals, where these larvae belong to three families 1. Oestridae 2. Sarcophagidae 3. Calliphoridae, feed on live and dead tissues, it has also been shown that wounds contaminated with bacteria, Streptococcus spp. Staphylococcus aureus  ، Klebsiella peneumonia,، Pseudomonas spp. ، Enterobacter spp. و  Proteus mirabilis are more likely to suffer from myiasis due to their ability to produce volatile organic compounds that are considered as stimuli for flies. Therefore, Artiana, in this scientific article, dealt with a brief and comprehensive review of myiasis, including the classification of its types, the classification of the larvae that cause it, and the bacterial infections associated with myiasis.

IDENTIFICATION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF POULTRY MEAT AND PRODUCTS USING PCR-RFLP TECHNIQUE

Kamaran M. Taha; Dilger M. Khdr; Karwan Y. Kareem

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 34-42
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129251.1105

The mitochondrial cyt b gene plays a serious role in investigating untruthful meat species. This study aimed to authenticate the species of poultry products (Escallop, Nugget, Steak, and Sausage) depending on cyt b gene by using universal cyt b primer. DNA was isolated, and then a band of 359 bp of a mitochondrial cytochrome b gene was produced during the PCR amplification. The PCR products were exposed to Hinf1 and Rsa I restriction enzymes. The restricted fragments produced by the restriction fragment length polymorphism technique (RFLP), were run by agarose gel electrophoresis. Results showed that all products had a similar band except sausage product does not follow the rule and showed mislabeling product by the REs, Two bands were yielded by HinfI RE for all products (114 and 245) bp with the differentiated sausage among other products based on the fake product (63 and 296) bp, while digestion by Rsa I produced three bands for escallop, nugget, and steak, (63, 100, 196), but only two bands for sausage was generated (148 and 211). As result, the study offered that analyzing meat products to detect the origin species via a PCR-RFLP technique by using these restriction enzymes can give reliable results. In short susage is considered as a frau product because the results showed different bands as compaired with poultry meat.

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF Rhizobium LIPO-POLYSACCHARIDES: A REVIEW ARTICLE

Raghad N. Gergees; Najwa I. AL-Barhawi; Shimal Y. Abdulhadi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 43-60
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.128871.1100

Lipo-polysaccharides are important substances that consist of LipidA, Core and O-antigen, and are formed in several metabolic pathways that include nine enzymes encoded by special genes called Custer genes. These carbohydrates are characterized by many physical properties, including viscosity. It's viscosity of polysaccharides viscosity ranges from 0.0020 to 0.0033 seconds/cm2,Optical rotation,right-side dextrorotatory and levorotatory.Lipo-polysaccharides have a prominent role in many fields. In the agricultural, they contribute to the formation of root nodules on leguminous plants of great importance in nitrogen fixation processes.In addition to it's role in the processes of creation and differentiation of callus leguminous plants, such as clover, alfalfa, and non-leguminous plants, such as tobacco.As for the medical and pharmaceutical fields, it haveclear importance in the immune response processes through its presence as one of the important antigens present on the surface of bacterial cells.In addition to its role in the adhesion process leading to the formation of bacterial colonies and as barriers that prevent the penetration of anti-bacterial agents into the bacterial cell.

ECOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL STUDY OF Vespula. Germanica

Batool A. Karso; Salih M. Bas

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 61-75
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129463.1112

Vespula germanica ( German wasp) is considered a dangerous pest that attacks bees and orchards, and its sting harmful to humans , found in much of the Northern Hemisphere, Khalaf was recorded in Iraq in 1958,  it was limited to registration within the Iraqi insects fauna only, and no any biological or environmental studies in Iraq. Therefore, study aimed for understanding of some aspects of the insect. During three years, 2018-2019- and 2020, field survey in different fields in Duhok, Iraqi Kurdistan, collected 27 nests to investigate several colony characteristics. Our study showed the size of mature nests is correlated to number of individuals produced. observed that the German hornet builds its nests in different places as on trees and shrubs, on roofs of houses , buildings, animal pens, poultry fields, and near water sources. Queen begins to appear at beginning of May, workers at beginning of July, as for the males and virgins, they appeared in October. And all members cast die in winter except newly fertilized queens remain, who hibernate to next season. Showed the activity of workers increases with the progression of the hours of the day and that their highest activity is during the hour (9-11) in the morning, at rate 100 wasps/hour.  seasonal activity starts from May to November, and highest activity recording during July, August, and September. The highest average of sealed brood area 3.11inch during July , highest average number of hexagonal eyes 91 eyes/nest in October.

EFFECT OF FREEZE STORAGE ON THE QUALITY OF LAMB MEAT TREATED WITH TOMATO PEEL AND SUMAC EXTRACTS

Mead W. Sadallah; Thamer Alhaji

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 76-88
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129557.1117

The study was conducted to investigate the influence of natural antioxidants extracted from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)  peel extract (TPE) and sumac (Rhus coriaria) extract (SE) on the quality of lamb meat stored for (6) months at freeze-storage (– 18 °C). Treated samples (TS) with these extracts showed a significant values (p<0.05) of drip loss and water holding capacity (WHC) compared to untreated samples (UTS). The UTS demonstrated a significant increase (p≤0.05) of cooking loss values compared to TS. Peroxide values (POVs) have been decreased steadily with TS until 2 months of storage, unlike the POVs of UTS were ongoing increase until the end of storage, however no POV significant differences were obtained through the storage period. TS with TPE and SE have continuously showed  less volatile base nitrogen values (VBNs) (p≤0.05) compared to UTS. Free fatty acid values (FFAs) showed little differences within the first 3 months of storage for UTS and TS, however, after the 3 months of storage, FA of UTS were significantly increased (p≤0.05) by the end of storage period.

EFFECT OF SHORT TERM EXPOSURE OF EGGS TO MAGNETIC FIELD IN HATCHABILITY AND PRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF PROGENY

Duraid TH. Younis; Ahmed M. TH. Thabet

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 89-94
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129128.1102

The aim of this study was to identify the effect of exposing broiler breeders eggs to magnetic field before hatching on hatchability and productive performance of progeny. In this research, 300 fertile eggs produced by breeders of Ross 308 were used. they were divided into four Treatments (Seventy-five eggs for each) The Eggs were treated as follows: T1 Control not exposed to magnetic field, T2 eggs exposed to magnetic field 1800 Gauss for 30 minutes, T3 eggs exposed to magnetic field 1800 Gauss for 60 minutes, T4 eggs exposed to magnetic field 1800 Gauss for 90 minutes. After hatching chicks reared under normal condition in semi opened house until 42 days of age.  Statistical data analysis revealed that exposure of the eggs to the magnetic field for 30 minutes induces a substantial increase (p ≤ 0.05) in the percentage of hatchability, live body weight, total weight gain, dressing percentage, output index, W.B.C., R.B.C., P.C.V., hemoglobin and blood glucose, also, a decline in mortality of fetuses and variation in feed conversion between treatments.

EFFECT OF BIOFERTILIZER TRICHODERMA HARZIANUM T-22 APPLICATION, GROWING MEDIUM AND TRAINING METHODS ON SOME CHARARCTRESTICS FOR LANTANA CAMARA PLANTS

afnan B. yahya; muhammad D. Al-Sawaf; .nidal Y. almura

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 95-103
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.127767.1059

An experiment was in the green net canopy Department of Horticulture and Landscape College of Agriculture and Forestry / University of Mosul from May 2019 to October 2019, to investigate the effect of Trichoderma harzianum T-22 application and three growing media (soil, 1:3 soil: peatmoss, 1:1 soil: peatmoss) and three pruning training method (1, 4, 6 branches) and their interaction on the vegetative and flowering growth of Lantana camara. Results showed that T. harzianum application, the growing medium, pruning training method and their interaction had significant effects on the vegetative and flowering growth of plant. The highest average of plant height, stem diameter, leaves number, chlorophyll content and flowering date gives in T. harzianum which increases plant height which was 52.31 cm, stem diameter 8.06 cm, leaves number 164.65, chlorophyll content 25.98 SPAD and flowering date 85.84 day. Results have shown that pruning training Lantana plants on six branchesgave the highest average for plant height 52.29 cm, chlorophyll content 38.69 SPAD and flowering date 79.25 day. Growing medium 1:1 soil:peat moss gives the highest average for plant height 51.97 cm, stem diameter 8.28 cm, chlorophyll content 26.29 SPAD and flowering date 93.33 day.

THE REASONS FOR FARMERS' RELUCTANCE TO PARCTICE THE AGRICULTURAL PROFESSION IN AL –ZAWIYA SUB-DISTRICT /SLAHALDIN GOVERNOATE

ahmed S. abdullah; Mohammad O. Shareef; abdalaziz H. Midhas

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 104-119
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129042.1098

        The study aimed to investigate the reasons that led the farmers ’abstention from agricultural work in Al-Zawiya sub-district in Baiji Governorate / Salah Al-Din Governorate in general. Then, find out the reasons  Which led to farmers' ’abstention  to work in every field of study. As well as determining the correlation relationship between the reasons for farmers ’ ’abstention  and each of the following independent variables (age, educational level, years of work in agriculture, working in other occupations, attitude towards agricultural work, communication with sources of information). There for, the research community included (201) farmers reluctant to practice agricultural work. Thus, we chose a random sample of farmers at a rate of (40%), so that the number of respondents who were subjected to the research reached (80) farmers who are not ready to work in agriculture. The results showed an increase in the abstention of farmers to farm work. We can conclude from this that there are real reasons that led to these results in an area, in spite fertile land for agriculture. The results also showed the existence of a significant correlation between the reasons for farmers' abstention from agricultural work and a set of independent variables. The researchers conclude the importance of these factors and the depth of their influence in increasing or decreasing causes of abstinence. We recommended the authorities, especially the Ministry of Agriculture, to develop solutions to the obstacles that make farmers stop agriculturalwork.

PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF NITROGENOUS FERTILIZER, APPLICATION TIMES, AND POLYMER GEL ON THE GROWTH CHARACTERISTICS OF BREAD WHEAT Triticum aestivum L.

saleh M. I. Al-Jobouri; Amjad TH. KH. Alabar

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2021, Volume 49, Issue 1, Pages 120-130
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.128974.1092

A field experiment was carried out during the winter agricultural season 2019-2020 at two location (Al-Hamdaniya, Talkef) to study the effect of nitrogen fertilizer, its application dates, and polymer gel on the growth traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L), cultivar Talafar (3), and the RCBD was used. According to the split plots system and with three replications, the experiment included two factors, the first factor, levels of nitrogen fertilizer and its addition times, which are five levels :{ (zero as control treatment), (40 kg N /h: 1/2 when planting +1/2 beginning of Tillars), (40 kg N /h: 1/3 when planting +2/3 beginning of Tillars), (80 kgN /h: 1/2 when planting +1/2 beginning of Tillars) , (80 kg N /h : 1/3 when planting +2/3 beginning of Tillars)} and the second factor polymer gel in four levels (0, 80, 160 and 240 kg /h)  occupied coefficients The nitrogen fertilizer and the application of the main plots in the main plots experiment. The polymer gel levels occupied the sub plots. The results indicate that the levels of nitrogen fertilizer and the dates of its addition achieved a significant increase in most of the growth traits and for both locations, and the levels of polymer gel led to a significant increase in most of the growth traits, two study location, and The significant interaction response got all the growth traits except for the number of days until the beginning of flowering for the AL-Hamdaniya location and C.G.R for the Talkef location.

Using the standard multiplication and addition methods in evaluating agricultural lands in a selected areas, in North - East Nineveh Governorate

noor nahath alsaigh; Khaled Anwer Alkhaled

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, In Press
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.128610.1078

This study was carried out for the purpose of conducting an evaluation of agricultural lands for wheat and barley crops and monitoring changes in the nature of land use for the studied area located northeast of Nineveh governorate (longitudes 43°04ˉ26˭ and 43°22ˉ23˭ east and latitudes 36° 22ˉ56˭ and 36°34ˉ43˭) Thirteen soil samples were obtained from the study areas for laboratory analysis. soil color measurement were done in the as well as field observations were recorded such as derange slope topography and vegetation cover.
Through this information, soil suitability values were found according to its analyzed characteristics in addition to climate characteristics and according to (Sys et al., 1993) standards, which finally came to establish appropriate soil as well as land values for wheat and barley crops. The results indicated that the lands of the region are classified according to their suitability for the production of selected crops into very suitable lands (S1) for the cultivation of wheat and barley, and constitute (7.70%) of the study samples and suitable lands (S2) for cultivation, and constitute (92.30%) of the study samples, with Considering that the climate factor was not specific for the cultivation of wheat and barley crops.

STUDY OF SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS AT SEXUAL MATURITY IN AWASSI LAMBS FED ON LOW DEGRADABLE SUNFLOWER MEAL AND SEEDS

safwan luqman Al-Hiyalay; omar dheyaa almallah; falah hassan alhassan

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, In Press
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.130161.1130

This study was conducted using (18) Awassi male lambs with an average initial weight of 33.57 kg for the period from 9-12 months of age. The lambs were distributed randomly into three treatments each included (6) lambs. Lambs in the first treatment (T1) were fed a diet that includes 11% of sunflower meal, the second treatment (T2) fed diet includes 11% of low degradable sunflower meal, and the third treatment (T3) were fed on a diet containing 11% low degradable sunflower seed. The results were indicated a significant increase (p≤ 0.05) in semen volume in (T2) 2.77 ml compared with the (T1) 1.98 ml and (T2)1.69 ml. Significant improvement (p≤ 0.05) was noted in T2 and T3 in individual motility 87.33 and 87.70% and sperm concentration 2.45 and 2.62 × 109 / ml compared to the T1 the individual motility was 84.95% and sperm concentration 2.10 × 109 / ml, respectively. Seminal plasma concentration of total protein, globulin, and urea was higher (p≤ 0.05) in T2 as compared to other treatments. Whereas, feeding low degradable sunflower seed (T3) resulted in a significant increase (p≤ 0.01) of cholesterol concentration 140.05 mg/dl in seminal plasma compared with the T1 122.78 mg/dl and T2 125.81 mg/dl, while triglycerides were decreased (p≤ 0.05) in T1 37.49 mg/dl than T2 and T3 52.72 and 58.92 mg/dl respectivly.

Response of Three Varieties of Broad Bean (Vicia faba L.) to NP Mineral Fertilizer.

Fathel.F.R.Ibraheem فتحی Ibraheem

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, In Press
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.128746.1085

To solve the problem of the shortage broad bean crop production in the province of Nineveh, a joint research was carried out between the Horticulture Department of the College of Agriculture, University of Mosul, and the Director of Nineveh Agriculture. The research included a study of the effect of two factors: first three varieties of broad beans (local, Spanish and Italian) and the second factor was three levels of mineral fertilizer NP (0. 300 and 400 kg. ha-1) so that the experiment included nine treatments which conducted in the field using a Split – plot system arranged in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD).repeated each treatment three times. Analysis of variance and Duncan's multiple range test at 0.05 were applied for all research data. Results obtained could be summarized as follows: The Spanish cultivar plants showed significant superiority in the number of pods, seeds, and seed yields compared to the other cultivars. Fertilizer the plants with NP at 300 and 400 kg. ha-1 levels caused a significant increase in all studied traits except for the plant height attribute when using the 300 kg. ha-1 level as compared to control plants. Most effects of interaction between the two studied factors showed similar effects as a single factor for each factor for every mentioned characters.

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF SBM IN FATTENING FARMER DIET ON AWASSI LAMBS PERFORMANCE AND CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS

fares awad sabah; Taher abd alrawy; Maysaloon waal Ibrahim

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, In Press
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129963.1127

The study in University of Tikrit for a period of 70 days excluding 14 days as an adaptation period. The aim of this study find alternative diets for fattening Awassi lambs in the northern region and improved protein of barley. Sixteen lamb were used, aged 5-6 months, with an average starting body weight of 26.2 ± 0.3 kg. Four formulation diets were randomly allocated to four groups of animals. Group one ( control) 98% barley , Group two (88% barley, 5% soybean meal, 5% vegetable fat), Group three (83% barley, 10% soybean meal, 5% vegetable fat), Group four ( 78% barley, 15% soybean meal, 5% vegetable fat). All experiment diets were supplemented with 2% salts ,vitamins . The lambs were fed concentrate feed at 3% of live body weight on a dry matter basis with100 grams of roughage (straw) day/lamb. The results showed that animals in (T2), (T3) and (T4) significantly (P≤0.05) higher final body weight, average daily body weight gain and feed conversion ratio then those from (T1) . Moreover , animals from T3 and T4 had significant (P≤0.05) higher production performance compared to those in (T2) . The weights of hot , cold carcass, and the three main carcass cuts (leg, shoulder, and rack) were ignorantly (P≤0.05) heavier in T3 and T4 then other groups .The lambs in T3 andT4were also showed (P≤0.05) larger eye muscle area then T1 and T2. There were no significant differences in dressing-out %,or fat thickness between the treatment groups

THE ASSESSMENT OF HEPATIC COPPER CONTENT IN LAMB, YEARLING, SHEEP AND CATTLE SLAUGHTERED IN ERBIL CITY, KURDISTAN REGION / IRAQ

Abdulqader Ahmed Hussein

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, In Press
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2021.129337.1106

Liver samples from 163 slaughtered animals were studied to provide data regarding normal hepatic Copper (Cu) concentration, and Iron (Fe). Results show the mean and median liver Cu concentration in majority samples were normal. Lambs had higher (P

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2010, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

Evaluation of Faba Bean Genotypes For Yield And Yield Components Using Selection Index

Khalil Hathal Kanoosh; Mohammed Ali Al-Falahy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126258.1013

The experiment was carried out at the farm at Filed crops Department , College of Agricultural engineering sciences , Duhok University in season 2018-2019 to construed selection index for five faba bean genotypes under different levels of phosphorus fertilizer .The results exhibited that all selection indices include the grain yield gave relatively efficiency , the best selection index were grain yield, number of pods plant-1 and number of seeds pods-1 , so that we can using these characters as criteria’s of selection of faba bean genotypes . Also the results showed that the highest mean selection index was 216.26 for latti kia genotype and significant and difference over all other genotypes .
The heritability broad sense was high for all studied characters and ranged between 0.94 to 0.99 . Regarding to the genetic advance as mean gave high values for first pod height (57.10) , grain yield plant-1 (43.97) , number of main branches plant-1 (33.92) and number of pods plant-1 (31.52) and medium for plant height , days to 75 flowering , number of nodules plant-1 and number of seeds pod-1 . So that we can using these desirable characters to improve the faba bean genotypes .

EFFECT OF SOME AGRICULTURAL TREATMENTS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF LETTUCE Lactuca sativa L.

Mohammad Talal A. El-Habar; Mohammad Radhi S. Al-Saaberi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2008, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 56-66
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2008.27595

This study was conducted in vegetable farm in the college of Agriculture and Forestry, Mosul University during 2003-2004 growing season to investigate the effects of two sowing dates: the Sept.20th and Oct. 20th, two planting methods of seedling: plots and furrows and with the application of nitrogen fertilizer (Urea 46% N) at rates 0 and 60 Kg/Donnum applied at two doses with three methods of splitting: 1- Half of the total amount was added after two weeks from transplanting and the other half was added at 21 days prior to harvest (30 + 30Kg Urea /Donnum). 2- One third of the total amount added after two weeks from transplanting and the other two thirds was added at 21 days prior to harvest (20 + 40Kg Urea/Donnum). 3- Two thirds of the total amount added two weeks from transplanting and the other one third added at 21 days prior to the harvest (40 + 20Kg Urea/Donnum) on growth, yield and quality of lettuce cv. Paris Island. The experiment consisted of 16 treatments conducted in the field in a factorial experiment within split plot using the Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates. Results indicated that vegetative growth i.e. leaf number/plant, leaf area/plant, head circumferences and mean weight of marketable head were increased significantly by second sowing date (Nov. 20th), plot planting method as well as by applying nitrogen fertilizer, while the methods of splitting of nitrogen fertilizer had no significant effect on most above mention characters. A similar favorable effect of second sowing date (No.20th), plot planting method and applying nitrogen fertilizer on yield characters was obtained at harvest, However, it has increased significantly folded head percentage, total and marketable yield, whereas the percentage of bolting plants only decreased significantly by second sowing date. The interaction among sowing date, plating methods, nitrogen application gave positive and significant increase in the total and marketable yield.

EFFECT OF Zingbel officinale OIL AND WATER EXTRACTS OF Citrullus colocynthis AND Peganum Harmala ON MORTALITY Tribolium castaneum (Herbsr)(Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae)

Ayyub J.Al-Bayaty; Thabit M. Al-Ghnaam; Alaa E.Tawfeeq

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2013, Volume 41, Issue 0, Pages 81-87
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2013.83909

A laboratories experiment was conducted by using petri dishes in the laboratories of Women educatiob college-Tikrit University to study effect of Zingbel officinale oil and water extract of Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on mortality Tribolium castaneum .Results showed superior the treatmentof Zingbel officinale oil with mixture of water extract both Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on given higher mortalit percentage reached 78.4% while less mortality percentage recorded on control treatment reached 0%. Hugher percentage of mortality recorded on same treatment after first day from the treatment then the this percentage decreased graduly on the second and third days from treatment.

THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN FERTILIZATION AND SPRAYING OF GIBBERELLIC ACID & ALGAMIX ON THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY ON SOME ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS FROM OIL OF MENTHA PIPERITA & MENTHA SPICATA

Fanar H. Al-Hashemy; Ayad Ch. Al-Daody; Mohammed D. Al-Sawaf

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2013, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 19-36
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2013.80144

The current study is carried out the effect of Nitrogen fertilization in levels (0, 46, 92, 138) kg/h and spraying of gibberllic acid at concentration (0, 50, 100) ppm and the Algamix at concentration (1,2) ml/L in percentage ratio for concentration of some active constituents for the oil of two species of Mentha (M. piperita and M. spicata). The result was showed, that the samples of oil was contained the following compounds: (Camphor, Menthone, Menthyl acetate, Menthol and Thymol), using the Gas-liquid Chromatography technique (GLC). It's illustrated that the summer harvest was exceeded to gave the highest concentration of menthone compounds about 11.47% without fertilization (N0) with spraying of algamix at concentration 1 ml/L of M. spicata, as well as thymol compound about 16.69% in fourth level of fertilization 138 kg/h with out spraying of M.spicata too. While, the autumn harvest was exceeded increasing percentage of camphor compound about 0.20% in the fourth level of fertilization 138 kg/h with spraying of algamix at concentration 1ml/L of M. piperita and Menthol compound which was presented 46.50% in the second level of fertilization 46 kg/h without spraying, and also Menthyl acetate at concentration 50.06% in the same level of fertilization of M. piperita with spraying of Algamix at concentration 1ml/L.

BLOOD GLUCOSE RESPONSE AND GLYCEMIC INDEX OF DIETS CONTAINING DIFFERENT SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATE IN HEALTHY RATS

Abdullah M Thannoun

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2010, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 24-34
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2010.27737

Blood glucose response and Glycemic Index (GI) of diets containing different sources of carbohydrate including glucose, starch, amylopectin, bread, rice, whole wheat kernels (habbiyah), lentils, check peas, kidney beans, and mixtures of bread or rice with lentils, chick peas or kidney beans for healthy Sprague Dawley rats using glucose as standard were studied. Fifty five normal animals were housed individually to perform this study. Animals were fasted (overnight fasting) for 12 hours and tested for blood glucose at zero time before given in amount of test food containing 0.15 g carbohydrates. Blood glucose was determined after 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes. Results showed that amylopectin based diet had the highest GI (96) comparing with lowest GI (44) for habbiyah based diet. Results also show that addition of lentils, check pea or kidney beans to the bread resulted in lowering the GI of the final meals from 70 to 46. However, addition of these legumes to the rice base diet did not enough reduce the GI. In conclusion, mixing different sources of carbohydrates might be change the blood glucose response and GI of the original foods.

Evaluation of Faba Bean Genotypes For Yield And Yield Components Using Selection Index

Khalil Hathal Kanoosh; Mohammed Ali Al-Falahy

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2020, Volume 48, Issue 1, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2020.126258.1013

The experiment was carried out at the farm at Filed crops Department , College of Agricultural engineering sciences , Duhok University in season 2018-2019 to construed selection index for five faba bean genotypes under different levels of phosphorus fertilizer .The results exhibited that all selection indices include the grain yield gave relatively efficiency , the best selection index were grain yield, number of pods plant-1 and number of seeds pods-1 , so that we can using these characters as criteria’s of selection of faba bean genotypes . Also the results showed that the highest mean selection index was 216.26 for latti kia genotype and significant and difference over all other genotypes .
The heritability broad sense was high for all studied characters and ranged between 0.94 to 0.99 . Regarding to the genetic advance as mean gave high values for first pod height (57.10) , grain yield plant-1 (43.97) , number of main branches plant-1 (33.92) and number of pods plant-1 (31.52) and medium for plant height , days to 75 flowering , number of nodules plant-1 and number of seeds pod-1 . So that we can using these desirable characters to improve the faba bean genotypes .

EFFECT OF SOME AGRICULTURAL TREATMENTS ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF LETTUCE Lactuca sativa L.

Mohammad Talal A. El-Habar; Mohammad Radhi S. Al-Saaberi

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2008, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 56-66
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2008.27595

This study was conducted in vegetable farm in the college of Agriculture and Forestry, Mosul University during 2003-2004 growing season to investigate the effects of two sowing dates: the Sept.20th and Oct. 20th, two planting methods of seedling: plots and furrows and with the application of nitrogen fertilizer (Urea 46% N) at rates 0 and 60 Kg/Donnum applied at two doses with three methods of splitting: 1- Half of the total amount was added after two weeks from transplanting and the other half was added at 21 days prior to harvest (30 + 30Kg Urea /Donnum). 2- One third of the total amount added after two weeks from transplanting and the other two thirds was added at 21 days prior to harvest (20 + 40Kg Urea/Donnum). 3- Two thirds of the total amount added two weeks from transplanting and the other one third added at 21 days prior to the harvest (40 + 20Kg Urea/Donnum) on growth, yield and quality of lettuce cv. Paris Island. The experiment consisted of 16 treatments conducted in the field in a factorial experiment within split plot using the Randomized Complete Block Design with three replicates. Results indicated that vegetative growth i.e. leaf number/plant, leaf area/plant, head circumferences and mean weight of marketable head were increased significantly by second sowing date (Nov. 20th), plot planting method as well as by applying nitrogen fertilizer, while the methods of splitting of nitrogen fertilizer had no significant effect on most above mention characters. A similar favorable effect of second sowing date (No.20th), plot planting method and applying nitrogen fertilizer on yield characters was obtained at harvest, However, it has increased significantly folded head percentage, total and marketable yield, whereas the percentage of bolting plants only decreased significantly by second sowing date. The interaction among sowing date, plating methods, nitrogen application gave positive and significant increase in the total and marketable yield.

EFFECT OF Zingbel officinale OIL AND WATER EXTRACTS OF Citrullus colocynthis AND Peganum Harmala ON MORTALITY Tribolium castaneum (Herbsr)(Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae)

Ayyub J.Al-Bayaty; Thabit M. Al-Ghnaam; Alaa E.Tawfeeq

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2013, Volume 41, Issue 0, Pages 81-87
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2013.83909

A laboratories experiment was conducted by using petri dishes in the laboratories of Women educatiob college-Tikrit University to study effect of Zingbel officinale oil and water extract of Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on mortality Tribolium castaneum .Results showed superior the treatmentof Zingbel officinale oil with mixture of water extract both Citrullus colocynthis and Peganum Harmala on given higher mortalit percentage reached 78.4% while less mortality percentage recorded on control treatment reached 0%. Hugher percentage of mortality recorded on same treatment after first day from the treatment then the this percentage decreased graduly on the second and third days from treatment.

THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN FERTILIZATION AND SPRAYING OF GIBBERELLIC ACID & ALGAMIX ON THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY ON SOME ACTIVE CONSTITUENTS FROM OIL OF MENTHA PIPERITA & MENTHA SPICATA

Fanar H. Al-Hashemy; Ayad Ch. Al-Daody; Mohammed D. Al-Sawaf

Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 2013, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 19-36
DOI: 10.33899/magrj.2013.80144

The current study is carried out the effect of Nitrogen fertilization in levels (0, 46, 92, 138) kg/h and spraying of gibberllic acid at concentration (0, 50, 100) ppm and the Algamix at concentration (1,2) ml/L in percentage ratio for concentration of some active constituents for the oil of two species of Mentha (M. piperita and M. spicata). The result was showed, that the samples of oil was contained the following compounds: (Camphor, Menthone, Menthyl acetate, Menthol and Thymol), using the Gas-liquid Chromatography technique (GLC). It's illustrated that the summer harvest was exceeded to gave the highest concentration of menthone compounds about 11.47% without fertilization (N0) with spraying of algamix at concentration 1 ml/L of M. spicata, as well as thymol compound about 16.69% in fourth level of fertilization 138 kg/h with out spraying of M.spicata too. While, the autumn harvest was exceeded increasing percentage of camphor compound about 0.20% in the fourth level of fertilization 138 kg/h with spraying of algamix at concentration 1ml/L of M. piperita and Menthol compound which was presented 46.50% in the second level of fertilization 46 kg/h without spraying, and also Menthyl acetate at concentration 50.06% in the same level of fertilization of M. piperita with spraying of Algamix at concentration 1ml/L.